Operating Systems / Linux/Open Source
Earnings per share and net income were both up admirably against seemingly flat revenues overall, while System z sales pulled down hardware revenues that were otherwise flat for Power Systems and System x. Smarter Planet and business analytics revenues sparkled on double-digit increases.
Editor's Note: IBM has summarized the results of its first quarter earnings in the following bullet points. An edited version of its earnings press release follows. A link to the full release, complete with tables, is at the end.
- Diluted EPS:
- GAAP: $2.61, up 13 percent;
- Operating (non-GAAP): $2.78, up 15 percent;
- Net income:
- GAAP: $3.1 billion, up 7 percent;
- Operating (non-GAAP): $3.3 billion, up 9 percent;
- Gross profit margin:
- GAAP: 45.1 percent, up 0.9 points;
- Operating (non-GAAP): 45.7 percent, up 1.2 points;
- Revenue: $24.7 billion, flat, up 1 percent adjusting for currency;
- Free cash flow of $1.9 billion, up $1.1 billion;
- Software revenue up 5 percent, 7 percent adjusting for currency;
- Services revenue up 1 percent:
- Services pre-tax income up 11 percent;
- Services backlog of $139 billion, down 2 percent, up 1 percent adjusting for currency;
- Systems and Technology revenue down 7 percent, 6 percent adjusting for currency;
- Growth markets revenue up 9 percent;
- Business analytics revenue up 14 percent;
- Smarter Planet revenue up more than 25 percent;
- Cloud revenue doubled first-quarter 2011 revenue;
- Full-year 2012 operating (non-GAAP) EPS expectations raised to at least $15.00 from at least $14.85.
IBM has announced first-quarter 2012 diluted earnings of $2.61 per share, compared with diluted earnings of $2.31 per share in the first quarter of 2011, an increase of 13 percent. Operating (non-GAAP) diluted earnings were $2.78 per share, compared with operating diluted earnings of $2.41 per share in the first quarter of 2011, an increase of 15 percent.
First-quarter net income was $3.1 billion compared with $2.9 billion in the first quarter of 2011, an increase of 7 percent. Operating (non-GAAP) net income was $3.3 billion compared with $3.0 billion in the first quarter of 2011, an increase of 9 percent.
Total revenues for the first quarter of 2012 of $24.7 billion were flat (up 1 percent, adjusting for currency) from the first quarter of 2011.
â€śIn the first quarter, we drove strong profit and earnings per share growth. We delivered another excellent software performance, expanded services margins, and continued the momentum in our growth initiatives,â€ť said Ginni Rometty, IBM president and chief executive officer. â€śOur investments in growth market countries continued to generate strong revenue growth across software, hardware and services while contributing to the companyâ€™s ongoing margin expansion.
First-Quarter GAAP â€“ Operating (non-GAAP) Reconciliation
First-quarter operating (non-GAAP) diluted earnings exclude $0.17 per share of charges: $0.11 per share for the amortization of purchased intangible assets and other acquisition-related charges, and $0.06 per share for retirement-related charges driven by changes to plan assets and liabilities primarily related to market performance.
Full-Year 2012 Expectations
IBM raised its expectations for full-year 2012 GAAP diluted earnings per share to at least $14.27 from at least $14.16; and operating (non-GAAP) diluted earnings per share to at least $15.00 from at least $14.85. The 2012 operating (non-GAAP) earnings expectations exclude $0.73 per share of charges for amortization of purchased intangible assets, other acquisition-related charges, and retirement-related charges driven by changes to plan assets and liabilities primarily related to market performance.
The Americasâ€™ first-quarter revenues were $10.5 billion, an increase of 1 percent (up 2 percent, adjusting for currency) from the 2011 period. Revenues from Europe/Middle East/Africa were $7.6 billion, down 2 percent (up 1 percent, adjusting for currency). Asia-Pacific revenues increased 4 percent (up 1 percent, adjusting for currency) to $6.1 billion. OEM revenues were $509 million, down 17 percent compared with the 2011 first quarter.
Revenues from the companyâ€™s growth markets increased 9 percent (up 9 percent, adjusting for currency) and 40 countries had double digit revenue growth at constant currency. Revenues in the BRIC countries â€” Brazil, Russia,Â India and China â€” increased 10 percent (up 11 percent, adjusting for currency).
Global Technology Services segment revenues increased 2 percent (up 3 percent, adjusting for currency) to $10.0 billion. Global Business Services segment revenues were down 2 percent (down 1 percent, adjusting for currency) to $4.6 billion.
Pre-tax income from Global Technology Services increased 20 percent and pre-tax margin increased to 14.3 percent. Global Business Services pre-tax income decreased 6 percent and pre-tax margin decreased to 12.5 percent.
The estimated services backlog at March 31 was $139 billion, down 2 percent year over year at actual rates (up 1 percent, adjusting for currency).Â Services backlog at the end of a quarter measures the current value of work under contract expected to be recognized as revenue in future quarters.
Revenues from the Software segment were $5.6 billion, an increase of 5 percent (up 7 percent, adjusting for currency) compared with the first quarter of 2011. Software pre-tax income increased 12 percent and pre-tax margin increased to 30.2 percent.
Revenues from IBMâ€™s key middleware products, which include WebSphere, Information Management, Tivoli, Lotus and Rational products, were $3.5 billion, an increase of 7 percent (up 8 percent, adjusting for currency) versus the first quarter of 2011. Operating systems revenues of $590 million increased 9 percent (up 10 percent, adjusting for currency) compared with the prior-year quarter.
Revenues from the WebSphere family of software products increased 16 percent year over year. Information Management software revenues increased 5 percent. Revenues from Tivoli software increased 5 percent. Revenues from Lotus software were flat, and Rational software increased 1 percent.
Revenues from the companyâ€™s business analytics operations across services, software and hardware segments increased 14 percent.
Revenues from the Systems and Technology segment totaled $3.7 billion for the quarter, down 7 percent (down 6 percent, adjusting for currency) from the first quarter of 2011. Systems and Technology pre-tax income decreased $236 million.
Total systems revenues decreased 6 percent (down 6 percent, adjusting for currency). Revenues from Power Systems were flat compared with the 2011 period. Revenues from System x were also flat. Revenues from System z mainframe server products decreased 25 percent compared with the year-ago period. Total delivery of System z computing power, as measured in MIPS (millions of instructions per second), decreased 5 percent. Revenues from System Storage decreased 4 percent, and revenues from Retail Store Solutions decreased 13 percent year over year. Revenues from Microelectronics OEM decreased 13 percent.
Global Financing segment revenues decreased 5 percent (down 4 percent, adjusting for currency) in the first quarter to $490 million. Pre-tax income for the segment decreased 1 percent to $512 million.
The companyâ€™s total gross profit margin was 45.1 percent in the 2012 first quarter compared with 44.1 percent in the 2011 first-quarter period. Total operating (non-GAAP) gross profit margin was 45.7 percent in the 2012 first quarter compared with 44.5 percent in the 2011 first-quarter period, with increases in Global Technology Services and Global Business Services.
Total expense and other income increased 3 percent to $7.3 billion compared with the prior-year period. S,G&A expense of $5.9 billion increased 1 percent year over year. R,D&E expense of $1.6 billion increased 1 percent compared with the year-ago period. Intellectual property and custom development income decreased to $255 million compared with $262 million a year ago. Other (income) and expense was income of $58 million compared with prior-year income of $202 million. Interest expense increased to $110 million compared with $93 million in the prior year.
Total operating (non-GAAP) expense and other income increased 3 percent to $7.2 billion compared with the prior-year period. Operating (non-GAAP) S,G&A expense of $5.8 billion was flat compared with prior-year expense. Operating (non-GAAP) R,D&E expense of $1.6 billion was flat compared with the year-ago period.
Pre-tax income of $3.8 billion and pre-tax margin of 15.5 percent were flat compared with the prior-year period. Operating (non-GAAP) pre-tax income increased 3 percent to $4.1 billion and pre-tax margin was 16.7 percent, up 0.5 points.
IBMâ€™s tax rate was 20.1 percent, down 4.9 points year over year; operating (non-GAAP) tax rate was 20.6 percent, down 4.4 points. The lower tax rate was due to a one-time benefit associated with a tax restructuring in Latin America. The benefit offset the companyâ€™s first-quarter workforce rebalancing expense, similar to first-quarter 2011 when a one-time gain from asset sales offset workforce rebalancing expenses. The company expects its full-year 2012 effective tax rate on a GAAP and operating (non-GAAP) basis to be in the range of 24 percent; and excluding the one-time benefit in the first quarter, the rate is expected to be in the range of 25 percent.
Net income margin increased 0.8 points to 12.4 percent. Total operating (non-GAAP) net income margin increased 1.1 points to 13.2 percent.
The weighted-average number of diluted common shares outstanding in the first-quarter 2012 was 1.17 billion compared with 1.24 billion shares in the same period of 2011. As of March 31, 2012, there were 1.15 billion basic common shares outstanding.
Debt, including Global Financing, totaled $32.1 billion, compared with $31.3 billion at year-end 2011. From a management segment view, Global Financing debt totaled $23.6 billion versus $23.3 billion at year-end 2011, resulting in a debt-to-equity ratio of 7.0 to 1. Non-global financing debt totaled $8.5 billion, an increase of $469 million since year-end 2011, resulting in a debt-to-capitalization ratio of 32.7 percent from 32.0 percent.
IBM ended the first-quarter 2012 with $12.3 billion of cash on hand and generated free cash flow of $1.9 billion, excluding Global Financing receivables, up approximately $1.1 billion year over year. The company returned $3.9 billion to shareholders through $0.9 billion in dividends and $3.0 billion of share repurchases. The balance sheet remains strong, and the company is well positioned to support the business over the long term.
Presentation of Information
In an effort to provide readers and investors with additional information regarding the companyâ€™s results as determined by generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP), the company has also revealed in this press release non-GAAP information. For more details, visit www.ibm.com/investor. For the complete and unedited version of this press release, including numerical tables, click here.