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TechTip: Database Setup - IBM DB2 Database

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We will be building solutions to common problems, which use several different database sources. To provide real-life examples, we will work through actual problems using different databases and SSIS to solve several common problems. We will do this by deliberately using different database types to work in a collaborative environment.

Editor’s Note: This article is excerpted from chapter 4 of Extract, Transform, and Load with SQL Server Integration Services--with Microsoft SQL Server, Oracle, and IBM DB2, by Thomas Snyder and Vedish Shah.

In Figure 4.1, you can see that we will be using the IBM DB2 database as our source system of record (SSoR or SOR). Database communications will be made to the SQL Server database using Web services, XML, and database-to-database operations. We will also be creating Excel spreadsheets from our database and sending extract, transform, and load (ETL) updates to our Oracle data warehouse.

Database Setup: IBM DB2 Database - Figure 1

Figure 4.1: Base project diagram

We will be using a fictitious company, Fictitious Brewing Company, which distributes multiple premium beverage products. This company will take orders for members that distribute multiple products. The customers will be able to place orders online, and the website will maintain minimal customer information. And finally, our data warehouse will be updated with data from all our data sources.

We will start by building the database. You could simply create the databases and deploy the Data Definition Language (DDL) and Data Markup Language (DML) in the code. You can download all the code for the examples in the book at http://www.code-gorilla.com/Home/DatabaseAgnosticSSIS2016.

Getting the Most Benefit from This Series

This series will follow the project diagram in Figure 4.1, but you don’t need to tie yourself to the technical implementations used in the book. You may have a system with two IBM servers and an Oracle database, or three Microsoft servers, or maybe even DB2 with MySQL and PostgreSQL.

Table 4.1 shows the purpose of the tables in the book’s examples, which is illustrated in the naming conventions.

Table 4.1: Tables’ naming conventions and purposes

Naming Convention

Architecture Purpose


System of record


Order entry


Data warehouse

Based on the databases that you are using within your environment, you may or may not be using the databases we are using with the examples in this book. That won’t be a problem: you can simply create the tables and seed the data in whatever database you are using. The only differences between your environment and the examples will reside in the data sources; everything else will be the same. The rest of the book will walk through applications that are decoupled from the databases, and you will follow along almost verbatim. Yay for database-agnostic development!

Some of you reading this may already be familiar with all three of the technologies that we will be reviewing in our examples: SQL Server, DB2, and Oracle. Other readers may be more familiar with other databases, such as MySQL or PostgreSQL, and want to learn more or walk through the examples to gain experience in other databases besides those covered in this book.

To address the needs of readers using other databases, we have written detailed instructions on how to deploy the initial DDL and DML code on each of the database servers. If you’re already familiar with these processes, you could skip most of this chapter and simply upload the source code to your intended target servers.

System of Record Database

Once you upload the code on your IBM i, you can build the tables using the following command:

thumb 20221014SnyderFig2

You need to replace MYLIB and MYSRC with the library and source locations to which you’ve uploaded. The MYMBR value will be replaced with the source member name—for example, MCPMEMBER, MCPBILL, and so on.

The Accounts Receivable database will reside on the IBM i in the DB2 database and will be our SOR for the members, products, and billing, so it makes sense to start here. Figure 4.2 shows the entity relationship diagram (ERD) for the database.

Database Setup: IBM DB2 Database - Figure 2 

Figure 4.2: IBM DB2 crow’s foot SOR ERD diagram

With the intention of writing standardized code that is similar in multiple database environments, we will be setting up our databases in SQL Server using as little proprietary database syntax as possible.

Please keep in mind that SSIS will be working with multiple databases throughout this book, so you could just as easily choose another database as your SOR and port the tables into the database of your choice with minimal effort. Once we complete the creation of the databases and set up our data sources, you could be pulling any data from any database—which is where the fun comes in.

Member Table (SORMEMBER)

The member table in the DB2 database is the system of record for the members. This table contains the member ID, name, address, and balance. Whenever the billing process runs, the balance is updated on the member table. Any time the member is updated, it will be done in the MCPMEMBER table and pushed out to the external databases.

Database Setup: IBM DB2 Database - Figure 3

Product Table (SORPRODUCT)

The product table will be a simple list of products that members can purchase through orders. The products are intended to be maintained in the DB2 database and pushed out to the external databases.

We have deliberately kept the database simplistic; otherwise our product file would be more complicated and include other crucial information such as dates when prices may change, for example.

Database Setup: IBM DB2 Database - Figure 4

Billing Table (SORBILL)

The billing table will be our final stop in the Accounts Receivable database. This table will be used primarily by the data warehouse for sales analysis.

Database Setup: IBM DB2 Database - Figure 5

Deploying the Code

Because we make no assumptions about what database you’re familiar with, we will walk through the details of getting code into each of your databases.

FTP Source Code Upload

Uploading the source code to your IBM i server, you could use FTP from your local machine to your IBM i, as follows:

Database Setup: IBM DB2 Database - Figure 6


Once you upload the code on your IBM i, you can build the tables using the following command:

Database Setup: IBM DB2 Database - Figure 7 

Figure 4.3 shows the members in our database file, QDDSSRC in library MCPLIB.

Database Setup: IBM DB2 Database - Figure 8 

Figure 4.3: IBM i DB2 RUNSQLSTM to execute SQL

You can review the execution of the SQL statement by looking at your spooled files; to do so, execute the following command:

Database Setup: IBM DB2 Database - Figure 9

If you place a 5 in the Opt column (Figure 4.4), you can view your success status. If you have any failures, you can review those in the spooled file as well.

Database Setup: IBM DB2 Database - Figure 10

Figure 4.4: Using the IBM i WRKSPLF command to review SQL execution

You can review the execution of the SQL statement by looking at your spool files; to do so, execute the following command:

Database Setup: IBM DB2 Database - Figure 11 

Of course, there is always more than one way to do things. DSPFFD (Display File Field Description) is one of the many ways you could review your table layout in IBM i DB2, as shown in Figure 4.5.

Database Setup: IBM DB2 Database - Figure 12

Figure 4.5: Using IBM i DB2 DSPFFD to review database table attributes

Next time:  Database Setup: SQL Server Database.  Can't wait?  Pick up your copy of Tom's book, Extract, Transform, and Load with SQL Server Integration Services at the MC Press Bookstore Today!

Thomas Snyder

Thomas Snyder has a diverse spectrum of programming experience encompassing IBM technologies, open source, Apple, and Microsoft and using these technologies with applications on the server, on the web, or on mobile devices.

Tom has more than 20 years' experience as a software developer in various environments, primarily in RPG, Java, C#, and PHP. He holds certifications in Java from Sun and PHP from Zend. Prior to software development, Tom worked as a hardware engineer at Intel. He is a proud United States Naval Veteran Submariner who served aboard the USS Whale SSN638 submarine.

Tom is the bestselling author of Advanced, Integrated RPG, which covers the latest programming techniques for RPG ILE and Java to use open-source technologies. His latest book, co-written with Vedish Shah, is Extract, Transform, and Load with SQL Server Integration Services.

Originally from and currently residing in Scranton, Pennsylvania, Tom is currently involved in a mobile application startup company, JoltRabbit LLC.

MC Press books written by Thomas Snyder available now on the MC Press Bookstore.

Advanced, Integrated RPG Advanced, Integrated RPG
See how to take advantage of the latest technologies from within existing RPG applications.
List Price $79.95

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Extract, Transform, and Load with SQL Server Integration Services Extract, Transform, and Load with SQL Server Integration Services
Learn how to implement Microsoft’s SQL Server Integration Services for business applications.
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