Getting Started: Sections & a Sample of ILE RPG Programs

  • Smaller Small Medium Big Bigger
  • Default Helvetica Segoe Georgia Times

Part one addresses the introduction to the sections of an ILE RPG program. It also illustrates how to write a simple file read/write program by using a procedural approach, as well as how to include comments within your programs as documentation.

Editor's Note: This article is excerpted from chapter 2 of Programming in ILE RPG, Fifth Edition.

The Sections of an ILE RPG Program

ILE RPG programs consist of four main sections:

  • Control options section—provides default options for the program
  • Declarations section—identifies and defines the files, variables, and other data items a program is to use
  • Main procedure section—details the processes, calculations, and procedures the program is to perform
  • Subprocedure section—includes declarations and processes for optional distinct functions (subprocedures) of the RPG program that either the main procedure section or other subprocedures can execute once or many times

Not every program includes each section. Within your source code, though, these sections must appear in the order above with all program lines in the same section grouped together. Additionally, within the declarations section, good programming style dictates that you group certain types of declarations (e.g., file declarations) and code them in a consistent order.

Getting Started: Sections & a Sample of ILE RPG Programs - Note1

The ILE RPG compiler processes source member entries in columns 6–80 of each line. Columns 1–5 and those beyond column 80 are not used. You code free-format RPG statements in columns 8–80 of each line in a source member. Column 6–7 must be blank. If a source line contains an entry in columns 6–7, the compiler assumes that the line uses an older fixed-format specification. Free-format statements generally consist of an instruction that indicates the purpose of the statement, followed by zero or more keywords and values that further refine the instruction. For example, the following statement defines a variable named Today:

Getting Started: Sections & a Sample of ILE RPG Programs - Code 1

This statement uses the Dcl-s (Declare Standalone Variable) instruction to indicate the purpose of the statement. It then names the variable (Today) and uses the Date keyword to designate the data type of the variable, along with the display format of the date (*ISO). The Inz(*Sys) keyword initializes the variable with the current system date when the program starts; that is, the starting value of the Today variable is the current system date.

It’s important to notice the semicolon (;) at the end of the statement. Free-format RPG uses the semicolon as a terminator character (similar to the way a period ends a sentence). A single statement can span multiple lines of code, but only one statement can appear on any single line.

You can add comments to a program to document it for other programmers who might maintain the program later, or to explain it to yourself. A comment begins with two slashes (//). When the compiler encounters two slashes, it treats the rest of the line as a comment. A line can also consist solely of a comment with no other instructions.

Getting Started: Sections & a Sample of ILE RPG Programs - Tip 1

A Sample ILE RPG Program

Let’s start with the minimal entries needed to procedurally code a simple read/write program. To help you understand how to write such a program, we walk you through the process of writing an RPG program to solve the following problem.

You have a file, Customers, with records (rows) laid out, as in Figure 2.1. This layout, called a record format, is stored in the Customers file itself when the file is created. The record format describes the fields (columns) in a record. Every record format has a name

(CUSTSREC in Figure 2.1). ILE RPG requires that the record format name be distinct from the filename. When the RPG program refers to the Custrec format, it uses the layout in Figure 2.1. Chapter 3 further explains how to create the Customers file by using SQL.

Getting Started: Sections & a Sample of ILE RPG Programs - Figure 1

Figure 2.1: Record layout for Customers file

You want to produce a report laid out according to the example in Figure 2.2. This report layout is also represented in a special kind of file called a printer file. For this example, you call the printer file Custlist. Like the Customers file, the Custlist file contains record formats that describe the lines to print on the report. When the output is a printed report rather than a data file, record roughly translates to one or more related report lines. Most reports include several different report-line formats. In the example, name the record formats Header, Detail, and Total. The Header format describes lines 1–9 in Figure 2.2, and the Detail format describes line 10 and subsequent lines until the Total format, which prints at the end of the report. Chapter 3 details how to create the printer file and its formats by using a utility called Data Description Specifications (DDS).

Getting Started: Sections & a Sample of ILE RPG Programs - Figure 2 

Figure 2.2: Report layout for Printer file

When you compare the desired output with the Custsrec record layout, you can see that the Detail format’s output fields are present on the input records, but not all input fields in Customers are used in the report. The processing consists of reading each record from the input file, counting it, writing that data to the report with appropriate headings, and formatting the variable data. Finally, at the end of the report, the Total format prints the record count.

The following is the completed sample ILE RPG program. Note that the order of the program statements is control options, declarations, and main procedure. (This program does not include subprocedures.) RPG requires this order. Also note that you can use blank comment lines or comment lines of dashes to visually break the program into logical units and that using lowercase lettering within internal documentation helps it stand out from program code.

Getting Started: Sections & a Sample of ILE RPG Programs - Code 2

ILE RPG lets you use both uppercase and lowercase alphabetic characters, but the language is not case sensitive. Thus, any lowercase letter you use within a file or variable name is interpreted as its uppercase equivalent by the compiler. To aid in the program’s readability, use title case, wherein each word in the source code is capitalized.

Let’s examine the program, line by line, to understand its basic syntax and purpose. As we examine the program in detail, you can refer back to it to get a complete picture of the entire program. The comments each begin with // characters and require no further explanation.

Getting Started: Sections & a Sample of ILE RPG Programs - Tip 2

Control Options

The first section, control options, is useful for controlling the program’s behavior and for specifying certain compiler options. Control specifications provide the following functions:

  • default formats (e.g., date formats) for the program
  • changes to normal processing modes (e.g., changing the internal method the program uses to evaluate expressions)
  • special options to use when compiling the program
  • language enhancements that affect the entire program

A Ctl-opt (Control option) instruction can include more than one keyword (with at least one space between each one), and a program can have multiple Ctl-opt statements. Appendix A includes a complete list of Control option keywords and their usage. Not all programs require Ctl-opt statements, but if they are present, control options must appear as the first statements in a program.

In this example, the following instruction informs the compiler that the debugger facility (described in Appendix C) is to ignore all input and output specifications, improving the debugger’s performance:

Getting Started: Sections & a Sample of ILE RPG Programs - Code 3

Control options might also dictate the date and time formats to use, as in the following example:

Getting Started: Sections & a Sample of ILE RPG Programs - Code 4


Next is the declarations section. RPG uses this section to declare (define) all the data items that the program needs to do its job. Every data item the program requires must be defined to the program. The example program includes two types of declarations: file declarations and standalone variable declarations. The declarations can be in any order, but it’s a good idea to group similar declarations and organize them in a logical fashion. Let’s start with file declarations.

File Declarations

File declarations describe the files your program uses and define how to use the files within the program. Each file a program uses requires its own file declaration, which begins with a Dcl-f (Declare File) instruction. Although you can declare the files in any order, it is customary to declare the input files first:

Getting Started: Sections & a Sample of ILE RPG Programs - Code 5

When a program declares a file, all the record formats and fields in that file become available to the program. No further declarations are necessary for the program to use those items. Let’s examine each of the entries for the sample program. As you continue in subsequent chapters, we’ll explain the entries not described here. (Appendix A includes a complete summary of all the ILE RPG instructions.)

In the illustrative problem, file Customers contains the data you want to process. The program’s output is a printed report. Although you usually think of a report as hardcopy, rather than as a file per se, in RPG you produce a report through a printer file. This file then resides as a spooled file in an output queue, where it waits until you release it to a printer. Your administrator or instructor will tell you which output queue to use for your programs and explain how to work with spooled files in the output queue.


The first entry following the Dcl-f instruction names the file. In ILE RPG, filenames can be a maximum of 10 characters. They must begin with an alphabetic character or one of the special characters $, #, or @. The remaining characters can be alphabetic characters, numbers, or any of the four special characters _, $, #, and @. A filename cannot contain blanks embedded within the permissible characters.

The practice problem’s input file is called Customers. The report file is Custlist.


The entry following the filename indicates the device associated with a file. Database files are stored on disk. Accordingly, Disk is the appropriate device entry for the Customers file. The device associated with printer files is Printer.

File Usage

The Usage keyword specifies how the program is to use the file. The two types in this program are *Input and *Output. An input file contains data to be read by the program, and an output file is the destination for writing output results from the program. In the example, Customers is an input file, and Custlist is an output file.

Overflow Indicator

RPG supports many other file keywords (discussed in Chapter 4, and listed in Appendix A) to give you an opportunity to amplify and specialize the basic file description. Typically, you code them with one or more values (arguments) in parentheses immediately following the keyword itself. You can code more than one keyword on a declaration line. If a declaration requires more than one line, you can simply continue coding keywords on subsequent lines, ending the last line with a semicolon (;).

In the sample program, the printer file uses one such keyword: Oflind (Overflow indicator). Overflow is the name given to the condition that happens when a printed report reaches the bottom of a page. Usually, when overflow occurs, you eject the printer to the next page and print a new set of heading lines before printing the next detail line. Your program can automatically detect overflow through the use of a variable called an overflow indicator. The Oflind keyword associates the printer device with the overflow indicator for that file. In the example, the overflow indicator is named Endofpage (you can name it anything you choose). If the Custlist file signals overflow, the Endofpage indicator is automatically set to *On. You can then test that indicator just before printing a detail line to determine whether you want to print headings first. After printing the headings, the program should set Endofpage to *Off and then wait for the printer file to turn it *On again.

No other Dcl-f entries are required to describe the files the sample program used. In this introductory explanation, we skip some of the entries that are not needed in this program (we’ll cover them later).

Standalone Variable Declarations

Variable declarations describe those variables that do not originate from a file and that do not depend upon a specific structure or format. They stand alone in the program and are often referred to as standalone variables. For these data items, the program needs to know, at a minimum, the name of the variable and its data type (e.g., character or numeric). Additional keywords can amplify or specialize the variable’s properties. The example program declares one variable by using the Dcl-s (Declare Standalone Variable) instruction:

Getting Started: Sections & a Sample of ILE RPG Programs - Code 6

Variable Name

The first entry following the Dcl-s instruction names the variable. In ILE RPG, variable names can be up to 4,096 characters (although the practical limit is much lower). They must begin with an alphabetic character or one of the special character $, #, or @. The remaining characters can be alphabetic characters, numbers, or any of the four special characters _, #, $, and @. A variable name cannot contain blanks embedded within the permissible characters.

The example declaration describes the Endofpage variable, which you are using as the overflow indicator for the Custlist file. Because this variable isn’t defined anywhere else, you must declare it here.

Getting Started: Sections & a Sample of ILE RPG Programs - Tip 3

Although not an RPG requirement, it is good programming practice to choose field names that reflect the data they represent. For example, Loannumber is far superior to X for the name of a field that stores loan numbers. Choosing descriptive field names can prevent your accidental use of the wrong field as you write your program, and it can help clarify your program’s processing to others who may have to modify the program.

If the name won’t fit on a single line, consider renaming the data item. You can, however, use an ellipsis (…, three periods across three positions) as a special continuation character within the name to allow a longer name. On the following lines, you simply continue the definition.

Data Type

Following the variable name, you use a keyword to indicate the general type of data the variable represents (e.g., character, numeric, date) as well as how the program is to store it internally. Chapter 4 examines the various data types that RPG supports. In the example, the Ind data type designates the variable as an indicator. An indicator (which many other computer languages refer to as a Boolean data type) is a single-byte variable that can contain only two logical values: '1' or '0'. You can also refer to these values by using the figurative constants *On and *Off, respectively. Indicator data is usually used within an RPG program to signal a true/false condition.

In the example, Endofpage is an indicator that the program uses to signal printer overflow.

Initialize Keyword

You can enter the remaining keywords in a variable declaration in any order. In the example, you have only one additional keyword: Inz (Initialize). The purpose of a variable is to hold a value. Once you’ve defined a standalone variable, you can assign it a value, use it with operations, or print it. The Inz keyword supplies an initial value for a variable. This is the value the variable has when the program first starts. In the example, you initialize Endofpage to have a value of *On.

Main Procedure Section

You have now defined the files and variables your application is to use. Next, you need to describe the processing steps to obtain the input and write the report. That is the purpose of the main procedure. The main procedure is the main body of your program—the part that outlines the processes, calculations, and procedures that your program executes. In many cases (as in the example), the program does all the work in the main procedure. The main procedure is the first part of your program that is executed when you initially call it.

In the example, the main procedure is coded with no special designation and without an explicit name. It simply consists of a number of instructions that the program executes to do its work. When the program is called, an internal sequence of preset events known as the RPG cycle starts the program, initializes its storage, and executes the main procedure. When the main procedure is finished, the cycle shuts down the program, deallocates all objects it is using, and cleans up its storage. Because the built-in cycle controls the execution of the main procedure, this type of program is termed a cycle main program. Unlike with some other computer languages, an RPG cycle main program does not require that you explicitly name the main procedure. Most of the programs you encounter will be cycle main programs. Another ILE RPG program model, the linear main program, which Chapter 14 covers, does allow you to explicitly name the main procedure.

Before coding the main procedure, you need to develop the logic to produce the desired output. Generally, you complete this stage of the program development cycle—designing the solution—before doing any program coding, but we delayed program design to give you a taste of the language.

You can sketch out the processing of your program by using pseudocode, which is simply stylized English that details the underlying logic needed for a program. Although no single standard exists for the format used with pseudocode, it consists of key control words and indentation to show the logic structures’ scope of control. It is always a good idea to work out the design of your program before actually coding it in RPG (or in any other language).

Pseudocode is language independent and lets you focus on what needs to be done, rather than on the specific syntax requirements of a programming language.

The program exemplifies a simple read/write program in which you want to read a record, increment the record count, process that record, and repeat the process until no more records exist in the file (a condition called end-of-file). This kind of application is termed batch processing because once the program begins, a batch of data (accumulated in a file) directs its execution. Batch programs can run unattended because they do not need control or instructions from a user.

The logic the read/write program requires is quite simple:

Correct algorithm

Read a record

While there are records

Print headings if necessary

Increment the record count

Write a detail line

Read the next record


Print last report total line

End program

Note that While indicates a repeated process, or loop. Within the loop, the processing requirements for a single record (in this case, simply writing a report line) are detailed and then the next record is read.

You may wonder why the pseudocode contains two read statements. Why can’t there be just a single read, as in the first step within the following While loop?

Incorrect algorithm

While there are records

Read the next record

Print headings if necessary

Increment the record count

Write a detail line


Print last report total line

End program

The preceding algorithm works fine as long as each read operation retrieves a data record from the file. The problem is that eventually the system tries to read an input record and fails because no more records exist in the file to read. When a program reaches end-of-file, it should not attempt to process more input data. The preceding incorrect algorithm will inappropriately write a detail line after reaching end-of-file.

The correct algorithm places the read statement as the last step within the While loop so that as soon as end-of-file is detected, no further writing occurs. However, if that is the only read, your algorithm will try to write the first detail line before reading any data. That’s why the algorithm also requires an initial read (often called a priming read) just before the While loop to prime the processing cycle.

After you have designed the program, it is a simple matter to express that logic in a programming language—once you have learned the language’s syntax. The following main procedure shows the correct algorithm expressed in ILE RPG. Notice the striking similarity to the pseudocode you sketched out earlier.

Getting Started: Sections & a Sample of ILE RPG Programs - Code 7

The instructions usually begin with an operation that specifies an action to take. RPG supports numerous reserved words, called operation codes, to identify valid operations. Many of these operations are followed by operand values, which RPG calls factors, to provide the compiler with the details necessary to perform an operation. Other operation codes (Dow and If in this example) are followed by expressions that the program is to evaluate. Finally, each instruction must end with a semicolon (;). Spacing is not usually critical. You can code the specification in any position from 8 to 80, but positions 6 and 7 must be blank. You can also indent operations to clarify the flow of the program.

RPG Operations

The RPG program executes the main procedure sequentially from beginning to end, unless the computer encounters an operation that redirects flow of control. The program uses eight operation codes: Read, Dow, Enddo, If, Endif, Write, Eval, and Return. Let’s look at the specific operations within the main procedure of the program. The intent here is to provide you with sufficient information to understand the basic program and to write similar programs. Several of the operations described in the following section are discussed in more detail in subsequent chapters of this book.

Read (Read Sequentially)

Read is an input operation that instructs the computer to retrieve the next sequential record from the named input file—in this case, your Customers file. To use the Read operation with a file, you must have defined that file as Usage(*Input). Reading a record makes all the field values in that record available to the program for processing.

Dow (Do While), Enddo

The Dow operation establishes a loop in RPG. An Enddo operation signals the end of the loop. Note that this Dow and Enddo correspond to the While and Endwhile statements in your pseudocode. The Dow operation repetitively executes the block of code in the loop as long as the condition associated with the Dow operation is true. Because the program’s Dow condition is preceded by the word Not, this line reads, “Do while the end-of-file condition is not true.” It is the direct equivalent of the pseudocode statement “While there are more records…,” because the end-of-file condition turns on only when your Read operation runs out of records.

The %Eof entry in this statement is an ILE RPG built-in function, which returns a true ('1' or *On) or false ('0' or *Off) value to indicate whether or not the file operation encountered end-of-file. Built-in functions (or BIFs) perform specific operations and then return a value to the expression in which they are coded. Most BIFs let you enter values called arguments in parentheses immediately following the BIF to govern the function. In this case, %Eof(Customers) means that you want your program to check the end-of-file condition specifically for the Customers file.

The Enddo operation marks the end of the scope of a Do operation, such as Dow. All the program statements between the Dow operation and its associated Enddo are repeated as long as the Dow condition is true. Every Dow operation requires a corresponding Enddo operation to close the loop.


RPG’s primary decision operation is the If operation. When the relationship expressed in the conditional expression coded with the If operation is true, all the calculations between the If and its associated Endif operation are executed. However, when the relationship is not true, those statements are bypassed. By coding

Getting Started: Sections & a Sample of ILE RPG Programs - Code 8

or simply (because Endofpage is an indicator)

Getting Started: Sections & a Sample of ILE RPG Programs - Code 9

you are instructing the program to execute the subsequent lines of code only if the overflow

indicator Endofpage is *On:

Getting Started: Sections & a Sample of ILE RPG Programs - Code 10

The Endif operation marks the end of an If operation’s scope. All the program statements between the If operation and its associated Endif are executed as long as the If condition is true. Every If operation requires a corresponding Endif operation to close the block.

Getting Started: Sections & a Sample of ILE RPG Programs - Code 11

Write (Write a Record)

A Write operation directs the program to output a record to an output file. In the example, because the output file is a printer file, writing a record to the file has the effect of printing the format, consisting of one or more lines. The first Write operation specifies Header as the record format to print if Endofpage has been reached. As a result, the three heading lines of your report are printed. Later, a second Write specifies the Detail format. When the program executes this line of code, the record format Detail is printed, using the values of the fields from the currently retrieved Customers record. The last Write operation prints the Total record format. Header, Detail, and Total are record formats that reside in the Custlist file (Figure 2.2). All the information you need to format the printed report is in the file, not in the RPG program.

Eval (Evaluate Expression)

The Eval operation assigns a value to a variable. In the sample program, coding

Getting Started: Sections & a Sample of ILE RPG Programs - Code 12

assigns the value *Off to the overflow indicator Endofpage. You do this after printing the heading lines so that the program knows that it is no longer necessary to print the headings until Endofpage is reset to *On automatically. (Endofpage is initially set to *On to ensure that the program prints headings on the first page of the report.)

In most cases, specifying Eval is optional. You can simply code the assignment expression without explicitly coding the Eval operation:

Getting Started: Sections & a Sample of ILE RPG Programs - Code 13

Later in the program, you use the line

Getting Started: Sections & a Sample of ILE RPG Programs - Code 14

to assign the value *On to a special reserved indicator variable called Last Record (coded as *Inlr, read as indicator LR). *Inlr (commonly referred to simply as LR) performs a special function within ILE RPG. If LR is on when the program ends, it signals the computer to close the files and free the memory associated with the program. If LR is not on, the program continues to tie up some of the system’s resources even though the program is no longer running.

You may have also noticed this implied Eval statement in the example:

Getting Started: Sections & a Sample of ILE RPG Programs - Code 15

This statement uses the += operator, one of several concise operators that RPG supports. This statement simply adds 1 to the current value of the Count variable. It is equivalent to coding the following:

Getting Started: Sections & a Sample of ILE RPG Programs - Code 16

RPG’s concise operators are simply shortcut coding techniques you can use when the result of an expression (Count, in this case) is also the first operand in the expression. RPG supports the following concise operators:

Ÿ += to increment a variable

  • -= to decrement a variable
  • *= for multiplication
  • /= for division
  • **= for exponentiation

Return (Return to Caller)

The Return operation returns control to the program that called it—either the computer’s operating system or perhaps another program. Program execution stops when a Return is encountered. Although your program ends correctly without this instruction (provided you have turned on LR), including it is a good practice. Return clearly signals the endpoint of your program and lets the program become part of an application system of called programs. (Chapter 13 deals with called programs in detail.)


Jim Buck
Jim Buck's career in IT has spanned more than 35 years, primarily in the college education, manufacturing, and healthcare industries. Past president (13 years) of the Wisconsin Midrange Computer Professional Association, he has served on several teams developing IBM and COMMON certification tests. Jim has co-authored several IBM i textbooks with Bryan Meyers that are used by many companies and in colleges worldwide. Other accomplishments include: recipient of the 2007 IBM System i Innovation - Education Excellence Award, 2014 COMMON President's Award, and 2013/2016/2017 IBM Champion - Power Systems.

Jim is the president and founder of imPower Technologies, where he provides professional IBM i training and consulting services. He is active in the IBM i community, working to help companies train their employees in the latest IBM technologies and develop the next generation of IBM i professionals.

MC Press books written by Jim Buck available now on the MC Press Bookstore.

Control Language Programming for IBM i Control Language Programming for IBM i
Master the A-Z of CL, including features such as structured programming, file processing enhancements, and ILE.
List Price $79.95

Now On Sale

Mastering IBM i Mastering IBM i
Get the must-have guide to the tools and concepts needed to work with today's IBM i.
List Price $85.95

Now On Sale

Programming in ILE RPG Programming in ILE RPG
Get the definitive guide to the RPG programming language.
List Price $95.95

Now On Sale

Programming in RPG IV Programming in RPG IV
Understand the essentials of business programming using RPG IV.
List Price $79.95

Now On Sale

More Articles By This Author


Support MC Press Online





  • Mobile Computing and the IBM i

    SB ASNA PPL 5450Mobile computing is rapidly maturing into a solid platform for delivering enterprise applications. Many IBM i shops today are realizing that integrating their IBM i with mobile applications is the fast path to improved business workflows, better customer relations, and more responsive business reporting.

    This ASNA whitepaper takes a look at mobile computing for the IBM i. It discusses the different ways mobile applications may be used within the enterprise and how ASNA products solve the challenges mobile presents. It also presents the case that you already have the mobile programming team your projects need: that team is your existing RPG development team!

    Get your copy today!

  • Automate IBM i Operations using Wireless Devices

    DDL SystemsDownload the technical whitepaper on MANAGING YOUR IBM i WIRELESSLY and (optionally) register to download an absolutely FREE software trail. This whitepaper provides an in-depth review of the native IBM i technology and ACO MONITOR's advanced two-way messaging features to remotely manage your IBM i while in or away from the office. Notify on-duty personnel of system events and remotely respond to complex problems (via your Smartphone) before they become critical-24/7. Problem solved!

    Order your copy here.

  • DR Strategy Guide from Maxava: Brand New Edition - now fully updated to include Cloud!


    Download your free copy of DR Strategy Guide for IBM i from Maxava today.


  • White Paper: Node.js for Enterprise IBM i Modernization

    SB Profound WP 5539

    If your business is thinking about modernizing your legacy IBM i (also known as AS/400 or iSeries) applications, you will want to read this white paper first!

    Download this paper and learn how Node.js can ensure that you:
    - Modernize on-time and budget - no more lengthy, costly, disruptive app rewrites!
    - Retain your IBM i systems of record
    - Find and hire new development talent
    - Integrate new Node.js applications with your existing RPG, Java, .Net, and PHP apps
    - Extend your IBM i capabilties to include Watson API, Cloud, and Internet of Things

    Read Node.js for Enterprise IBM i Modernization Now!


  • 2020 IBM i Marketplace Survey Results


    This year marks the sixth edition of the popular IBM i Marketplace Survey Results. Each year, HelpSystems sets out to gather data about how businesses use the IBM i platform and the IT initiatives it supports. Year over year, the survey has begun to reveal long-term trends that give insight into the future of this trusted technology.

    More than 500 IBM i users from around the globe participated in this year’s survey, and we’re so happy to share the results with you. We hope you’ll find the information interesting and useful as you evaluate your own IT projects.

  • AIX Security Basics eCourse

    Core Security

    With so many organizations depending on AIX day to day, ensuring proper security and configuration is critical to ensure the safety of your environment. Don’t let common threats put your critical AIX servers at risk. Avoid simple mistakes and start to build a long-term plan with this AIX Security eCourse. Enroll today to get easy to follow instructions on topics like:

    • Removing extraneous files
    • Patching systems efficiently
    • Setting and validating permissions
    • Managing service considerations
    • Getting overall visibility into your networks


  • Developer Kit: Making a Business Case for Modernization and Beyond

    Profound Logic Software, Inc.

    Having trouble getting management approval for modernization projects? The problem may be you're not speaking enough "business" to them.

    This Developer Kit provides you study-backed data and a ready-to-use business case template to help get your very next development project approved!

  • What to Do When Your AS/400 Talent Retires

    HelpSystemsIT managers hoping to find new IBM i talent are discovering that the pool of experienced RPG programmers and operators or administrators is small.

    This guide offers strategies and software suggestions to help you plan IT staffing and resources and smooth the transition after your AS/400 talent retires. Read on to learn:

    • Why IBM i skills depletion is a top concern
    • How leading organizations are coping
    • Where automation will make the biggest impact


  • IBM i Resources Retiring?

    SB HelpSystems WC GenericLet’s face it: IBM i experts and RPG programmers are retiring from the workforce. Are you prepared to handle their departure?
    Our panel of IBM i experts—Chuck Losinski, Robin Tatam, Richard Schoen, and Tom Huntington—will outline strategies that allow your company to cope with IBM i skills depletion by adopting these strategies that allow you to get the job done without deep expertise on the OS:
    - Automate IBM i processes
    - Use managed services to help fill the gaps
    - Secure the system against data loss and viruses
    The strategies you discover in this webinar will help you ensure that your system of record—your IBM i—continues to deliver a powerful business advantage, even as staff retires.


  • Backup and Recovery Considerations for Security Data and Encrypted Backups

    SB PowerTech WC GenericSecurity expert Carol Woodbury is joined by Debbie Saugen. Debbie is an expert on IBM i backup and recovery, disaster recovery, and high availability, helping IBM i shops build and implement effective business continuity plans.
    In today’s business climate, business continuity is more important than ever. But 83 percent of organizations are not totally confident in their backup strategy.
    During this webinar, Carol and Debbie discuss the importance of a good backup plan, how to ensure you’re backing up your security information, and your options for encrypted back-ups.

  • Profound.js: The Agile Approach to Legacy Modernization

    SB Profound WC GenericIn this presentation, Alex Roytman and Liam Allan will unveil a completely new and unique way to modernize your legacy applications. Learn how Agile Modernization:
    - Uses the power of Node.js in place of costly system re-writes and migrations
    - Enables you to modernize legacy systems in an iterative, low-risk manner
    - Makes it easier to hire developers for your modernization efforts
    - Integrates with Profound UI (GUI modernization) for a seamless, end-to-end legacy modernization solution


  • Data Breaches: Is IBM i Really at Risk?

    SB PowerTech WC GenericIBM i is known for its security, but this OS could be more vulnerable than you think.
    Although Power Servers often live inside the safety of the perimeter firewall, the risk of suffering a data leak or data corruption remains high.
    Watch noted IBM i security expert Robin Tatam as he discusses common ways that this supposedly “secure” operating system may actually be vulnerable and who the culprits might be.

    Watch the webinar today!


  • Easy Mobile Development

    SB Profound WC GenericWatch this on-demand webinar and learn how to rapidly and easily deploy mobile apps to your organization – even when working with legacy RPG code! IBM Champion Scott Klement will demonstrate how to:
    - Develop RPG applications without mobile development experience
    - Deploy secure applications for any mobile device
    - Build one application for all platforms, including Apple and Android
    - Extend the life and reach of your IBM i (aka iSeries, AS400) platform
    You’ll see examples from customers who have used our products and services to deliver the mobile applications of their dreams, faster and easier than they ever thought possible!


  • Profound UI: Unlock True Modernization from your IBM i Enterprise

    SB Profound PPL 5491Modern, web-based applications can make your Enterprise more efficient, connected and engaged. This session will demonstrate how the Profound UI framework is the best and most native way to convert your existing RPG applications and develop new modern applications for your business. Additionally, you will learn how you can address modernization across your Enterprise, including databases and legacy source code, with Profound Logic.

  • Node Webinar Series Pt. 1: The World of Node.js on IBM i

    Profound Logic Software, Inc.Have you been wondering about Node.js? Our free Node.js Webinar Series takes you from total beginner to creating a fully-functional IBM i Node.js business application.

    Part 1 will teach you what Node.js is, why it's a great option for IBM i shops, and how to take advantage of the ecosystem surrounding Node.

    In addition to background information, our Director of Product Development Scott Klement will demonstrate applications that take advantage of the Node Package Manager (npm).

  • 5 New and Unique Ways to Use the IBM i Audit Journal

    SB HelpSystems ROBOT GenericYou must be asking yourself: am I doing everything I can to protect my organization’s data? Tune in as our panel of IBM i high availability experts discuss:

    - Why companies don’t test role swaps when they know they should
    - Whether high availability in the cloud makes sense for IBM i users
    - Why some organizations don’t have high availability yet
    - How to get high availability up and running at your organization
    - High availability considerations for today’s security concerns

  • Profound.js 2.0: Extend the Power of Node to your IBM i Applications

    SB Profound WC 5541In this Webinar, we'll demonstrate how Profound.js 2.0 enables you to easily adopt Node.js in your business, and to take advantage of the many benefits of Node, including access to a much larger pool of developers for IBM i and access to countless reusable open source code packages on npm (Node Package Manager).
    You will see how Profound.js 2.0 allows you to:

    • Provide RPG-like capabilities for server-side JavaScript.
    • Easily create web and mobile application interfaces for Node on IBM i.
    • Let existing RPG programs call Node.js modules directly, and vice versa.
    • Automatically generate code for Node.js.
    • Automatically converts existing RPGLE code into clean, simplified Node.js code.

    Download and watch today!


  • Make Modern Apps You'll Love with Profound UI & Profound.js

    SB Profound WC 5541Whether you have green screens or a drab GUI, your outdated apps can benefit from modern source code, modern GUIs, and modern tools.
    Profound Logic's Alex Roytman and Liam Allan are here to show you how Free-format RPG and Node.js make it possible to deliver applications your whole business will love:

    • Transform legacy RPG code to modern free-format RPG and Node.js
    • Deliver truly modern application interfaces with Profound UI
    • Extend your RPG applications to include Web Services and NPM packages with Node.js


  • Accelerating Programmer Productivity with Sequel


    Most business intelligence tools are just that: tools, a means to an end but not an accelerator. Yours could even be slowing you down. But what if your BI tool didn't just give you a platform for query-writing but also improved programmer productivity?
    Watch the recorded webinar to see how Sequel:

    • Makes creating complex results simple
    • Eliminates barriers to data sources
    • Increases flexibility with data usage and distribution

    Accelerated productivity makes everyone happy, from programmer to business user.

  • Business Intelligence is Changing: Make Your Game Plan

    SB_HelpSystems_WC_GenericIt’s time to develop a strategy that will help you meet your informational challenges head-on. Watch the webinar to learn how to set your IT department up for business intelligence success. You’ll learn how the right data access tool will help you:

    • Access IBM i data faster
    • Deliver useful information to executives and business users
    • Empower users with secure data access

    Ready to make your game plan and finally keep up with your data access requests?


  • Controlling Insider Threats on IBM i

    SB_HelpSystems_WC_GenericLet’s face facts: servers don’t hack other servers. Despite the avalanche of regulations, news headlines remain chock full of stories about data breaches, all initiated by insiders or intruders masquerading as insiders.
    User profiles are often duplicated or restored and are rarely reviewed for the appropriateness of their current configuration. This increases the risk of the profile being able to access data without the intended authority or having privileges that should be reserved for administrators.
    Watch security expert Robin Tatam as he discusses a new approach for onboarding new users on IBM i and best-practices techniques for managing and monitoring activities after they sign on.

  • Don't Just Settle for Query/400...

    SB_HelpSystems_WC_GenericWhile introducing Sequel Data Access, we’ll address common frustrations with Query/400, discuss major data access, distribution trends, and more advanced query tools. Plus, you’ll learn how a tool like Sequel lightens IT’s load by:

    - Accessing real-time data, so you can make real-time decisions
    - Providing run-time prompts, so users can help themselves
    - Delivering instant results in Microsoft Excel and PDF, without the wait
    - Automating the query process with on-demand data, dashboards, and scheduled jobs

  • How to Manage Documents the Easy Way

    SB_HelpSystems_WC_GenericWhat happens when your company depends on an outdated document management strategy?
    Everything is harder.
    You don’t need to stick with status quo anymore.
    Watch the webinar to learn how to put effective document management into practice and:

    • Capture documents faster, instead of wasting everyone’s time
    • Manage documents easily, so you can always find them
    • Distribute documents automatically, and move on to the next task


  • Lessons Learned from the AS/400 Breach

    SB_PowerTech_WC_GenericGet actionable info to avoid becoming the next cyberattack victim.
    In “Data breach digest—Scenarios from the field,” Verizon documented an AS/400 security breach. Whether you call it AS/400, iSeries, or IBM i, you now have proof that the system has been breached.
    Watch IBM i security expert Robin Tatam give an insightful discussion of the issues surrounding this specific scenario.
    Robin will also draw on his extensive cybersecurity experience to discuss policies, processes, and configuration details that you can implement to help reduce the risk of your system being the next victim of an attack.

  • Overwhelmed by Operating Systems?

    SB_HelpSystems_WC_GenericIn this 30-minute recorded webinar, our experts demonstrate how you can:

    • Manage multiple platforms from a central location
    • View monitoring results in a single pane of glass on your desktop or mobile device
    • Take advantage of best practice, plug-and-play monitoring templates
    • Create rules to automate daily checks across your entire infrastructure
    • Receive notification if something is wrong or about to go wrong

    This presentation includes a live demo of Network Server Suite.


  • Real-Time Disk Monitoring with Robot Monitor

    SB_HelpSystems_WC_GenericYou need to know when IBM i disk space starts to disappear and where it has gone before system performance and productivity start to suffer. Our experts will show you how Robot Monitor can help you pinpoint exactly when your auxiliary storage starts to disappear and why, so you can start taking a proactive approach to disk monitoring and analysis. You’ll also get insight into:

    • The main sources of disk consumption
    • How to monitor temporary storage and QTEMP objects in real time
    • How to monitor objects and libraries in real time and near-real time
    • How to track long-term disk trends



  • Stop Re-keying Data Between IBM I and Other Applications

    SB_HelpSystems_WC_GenericMany business still depend on RPG for their daily business processes and report generation.Wouldn’t it be nice if you could stop re-keying data between IBM i and other applications? Or if you could stop replicating data and start processing orders faster? Or what if you could automatically extract data from existing reports instead of re-keying? It’s all possible. Watch this webinar to learn about:

    • The data dilemma
    • 3 ways to stop re-keying data
    • Data automation in practice

    Plus, see how HelpSystems data automation software will help you stop re-keying data.


  • The Top Five RPG Open Access Myths....BUSTED!

    SB_Profound_WC_GenericWhen it comes to IBM Rational Open Access: RPG Edition, there are still many misconceptions - especially where application modernization is concerned!

    In this Webinar, we'll address some of the biggest myths about RPG Open Access, including:

    • Modernizing with RPG OA requires significant changes to the source code
    • The RPG language is outdated and impractical for modernizing applications
    • Modernizing with RPG OA is the equivalent to "screen scraping"


  • Time to Remove the Paper from Your Desk and Become More Efficient

    SB_HelpSystems_WC_GenericToo much paper is wasted. Attempts to locate documents in endless filing cabinets.And distributing documents is expensive and takes up far too much time.
    These are just three common reasons why it might be time for your company to implement a paperless document management system.
    Watch the webinar to learn more and discover how easy it can be to:

    • Capture
    • Manage
    • And distribute documents digitally


  • IBM i: It’s Not Just AS/400


    IBM’s Steve Will talks AS/400, POWER9, cognitive systems, and everything in between

    Are there still companies that use AS400? Of course!

    IBM i was built on the same foundation.
    Watch this recorded webinar with IBM i Chief Architect Steve Will and IBM Power Champion Tom Huntington to gain a unique perspective on the direction of this platform, including:

    • IBM i development strategies in progress at IBM
    • Ways that Watson will shake hands with IBM i
    • Key takeaways from the AS/400 days


  • Ask the RDi Experts

    SB_HelpSystems_WC_GenericWatch this recording where Jim Buck, Susan Gantner, and Charlie Guarino answered your questions, including:

    • What are the “hidden gems” in RDi that can make me more productive?
    • What makes RDi Debug better than the STRDBG green screen debugger?
    • How can RDi help me find out if I’ve tested all lines of a program?
    • What’s the best way to transition from PDM to RDi?
    • How do I convince my long-term developers to use RDi?

    This is a unique, online opportunity to hear how you can get more out of RDi.


  • Node.js on IBM i Webinar Series Pt. 2: Setting Up Your Development Tools

    Profound Logic Software, Inc.Have you been wondering about Node.js? Our free Node.js Webinar Series takes you from total beginner to creating a fully-functional IBM i Node.js business application. In Part 2, Brian May teaches you the different tooling options available for writing code, debugging, and using Git for version control. Attend this webinar to learn:

    • Different tools to develop Node.js applications on IBM i
    • Debugging Node.js
    • The basics of Git and tools to help those new to it
    • Using as a pre-built development environment



  • Inside the Integrated File System (IFS)

    SB_HelpSystems_WC_GenericDuring this webinar, you’ll learn basic tips, helpful tools, and integrated file system commands—including WRKLNK—for managing your IFS directories and Access Client Solutions (ACS). We’ll answer your most pressing IFS questions, including:

    • What is stored inside my IFS directories?
    • How do I monitor the IFS?
    • How do I replicate the IFS or back it up?
    • How do I secure the IFS?

    Understanding what the integrated file system is and how to work with it must be a critical part of your systems management plans for IBM i.


  • Expert Tips for IBM i Security: Beyond the Basics

    SB PowerTech WC GenericIn this session, IBM i security expert Robin Tatam provides a quick recap of IBM i security basics and guides you through some advanced cybersecurity techniques that can help you take data protection to the next level. Robin will cover:

    • Reducing the risk posed by special authorities
    • Establishing object-level security
    • Overseeing user actions and data access

    Don't miss this chance to take your knowledge of IBM i security beyond the basics.



  • 5 IBM i Security Quick Wins

    SB PowerTech WC GenericIn today’s threat landscape, upper management is laser-focused on cybersecurity. You need to make progress in securing your systems—and make it fast.
    There’s no shortage of actions you could take, but what tactics will actually deliver the results you need? And how can you find a security strategy that fits your budget and time constraints?
    Join top IBM i security expert Robin Tatam as he outlines the five fastest and most impactful changes you can make to strengthen IBM i security this year.
    Your system didn’t become unsecure overnight and you won’t be able to turn it around overnight either. But quick wins are possible with IBM i security, and Robin Tatam will show you how to achieve them.

  • How to Meet the Newest Encryption Requirements on IBM i

    SB PowerTech WC GenericA growing number of compliance mandates require sensitive data to be encrypted. But what kind of encryption solution will satisfy an auditor and how can you implement encryption on IBM i? Watch this on-demand webinar to find out how to meet today’s most common encryption requirements on IBM i. You’ll also learn:

    • Why disk encryption isn’t enough
    • What sets strong encryption apart from other solutions
    • Important considerations before implementing encryption



  • Security Bulletin: Malware Infection Discovered on IBM i Server!

    SB PowerTech WC GenericMalicious programs can bring entire businesses to their knees—and IBM i shops are not immune. It’s critical to grasp the true impact malware can have on IBM i and the network that connects to it. Attend this webinar to gain a thorough understanding of the relationships between:

    • Viruses, native objects, and the integrated file system (IFS)
    • Power Systems and Windows-based viruses and malware
    • PC-based anti-virus scanning versus native IBM i scanning

    There are a number of ways you can minimize your exposure to viruses. IBM i security expert Sandi Moore explains the facts, including how to ensure you're fully protected and compliant with regulations such as PCI.



  • Fight Cyber Threats with IBM i Encryption

    SB PowerTech WC GenericCyber attacks often target mission-critical servers, and those attack strategies are constantly changing. To stay on top of these threats, your cybersecurity strategies must evolve, too. In this session, IBM i security expert Robin Tatam provides a quick recap of IBM i security basics and guides you through some advanced cybersecurity techniques that can help you take data protection to the next level. Robin will cover:

    • Reducing the risk posed by special authorities
    • Establishing object-level security
    • Overseeing user actions and data access




  • 10 Practical IBM i Security Tips for Surviving Covid-19 and Working From Home

    SB PowerTech WC GenericNow that many organizations have moved to a work from home model, security concerns have risen.

    During this session Carol Woodbury will discuss the issues that the world is currently seeing such as increased malware attacks and then provide practical actions you can take to both monitor and protect your IBM i during this challenging time.


  • How to Transfer IBM i Data to Microsoft Excel

    SB_HelpSystems_WC_Generic3 easy ways to get IBM i data into Excel every time
    There’s an easy, more reliable way to import your IBM i data to Excel? It’s called Sequel. During this webinar, our data access experts demonstrate how you can simplify the process of getting data from multiple sources—including Db2 for i—into Excel. Watch to learn how to:

    • Download your IBM i data to Excel in a single step
    • Deliver data to business users in Excel via email or a scheduled job
    • Access IBM i data directly using the Excel add-in in Sequel

    Make 2020 the year you finally see your data clearly, quickly, and securely. Start by giving business users the ability to access crucial business data from IBM i the way they want it—in Microsoft Excel.



  • HA Alternatives: MIMIX Is Not Your Only Option on IBM i

    SB_HelpSystems_WC_GenericIn this recorded webinar, our experts introduce you to the new HA transition technology available with our Robot HA software. You’ll learn how to:

    • Transition your rules from MIMIX (if you’re happy with them)
    • Simplify your day-to-day activities around high availability
    • Gain back time in your work week
    • Make your CEO happy about reducing IT costs

    Don’t stick with a legacy high availability solution that makes you uncomfortable when transitioning to something better can be simple, safe, and cost-effective.



  • Node Webinar Series Pt. 1: The World of Node.js on IBM i

    SB Profound WC GenericHave you been wondering about Node.js? Our free Node.js Webinar Series takes you from total beginner to creating a fully-functional IBM i Node.js business application.
    Part 1 will teach you what Node.js is, why it's a great option for IBM i shops, and how to take advantage of the ecosystem surrounding Node.
    In addition to background information, our Director of Product Development Scott Klement will demonstrate applications that take advantage of the Node Package Manager (npm).
    Watch Now.

  • The Biggest Mistakes in IBM i Security

    SB Profound WC Generic The Biggest Mistakes in IBM i Security
    Here’s the harsh reality: cybersecurity pros have to get their jobs right every single day, while an attacker only has to succeed once to do incredible damage.
    Whether that’s thousands of exposed records, millions of dollars in fines and legal fees, or diminished share value, it’s easy to judge organizations that fall victim. IBM i enjoys an enviable reputation for security, but no system is impervious to mistakes.
    Join this webinar to learn about the biggest errors made when securing a Power Systems server.
    This knowledge is critical for ensuring integrity of your application data and preventing you from becoming the next Equifax. It’s also essential for complying with all formal regulations, including SOX, PCI, GDPR, and HIPAA
    Watch Now.

  • Comply in 5! Well, actually UNDER 5 minutes!!

    SB CYBRA PPL 5382

    TRY the one package that solves all your document design and printing challenges on all your platforms.

    Produce bar code labels, electronic forms, ad hoc reports, and RFID tags – without programming! MarkMagic is the only document design and print solution that combines report writing, WYSIWYG label and forms design, and conditional printing in one integrated product.

    Request your trial now!

  • Backup and Recovery on IBM i: Your Strategy for the Unexpected

    SB HelpSystems SC 5413Robot automates the routine tasks of iSeries backup and recovery, saving you time and money and making the process safer and more reliable. Automate your backups with the Robot Backup and Recovery Solution. Key features include:
    - Simplified backup procedures
    - Easy data encryption
    - Save media management
    - Guided restoration
    - Seamless product integration
    Make sure your data survives when catastrophe hits. Try the Robot Backup and Recovery Solution FREE for 30 days.

  • Manage IBM i Messages by Exception with Robot

    SB HelpSystems SC 5413Managing messages on your IBM i can be more than a full-time job if you have to do it manually. How can you be sure you won’t miss important system events?
    Automate your message center with the Robot Message Management Solution. Key features include:
    - Automated message management
    - Tailored notifications and automatic escalation
    - System-wide control of your IBM i partitions
    - Two-way system notifications from your mobile device
    - Seamless product integration
    Try the Robot Message Management Solution FREE for 30 days.

  • Easiest Way to Save Money? Stop Printing IBM i Reports

    SB HelpSystems SC 5413Robot automates report bursting, distribution, bundling, and archiving, and offers secure, selective online report viewing.
    Manage your reports with the Robot Report Management Solution. Key features include:

    - Automated report distribution
    - View online without delay
    - Browser interface to make notes
    - Custom retention capabilities
    - Seamless product integration
    Rerun another report? Never again. Try the Robot Report Management Solution FREE for 30 days.

  • Hassle-Free IBM i Operations around the Clock

    SB HelpSystems SC 5413For over 30 years, Robot has been a leader in systems management for IBM i.
    Manage your job schedule with the Robot Job Scheduling Solution. Key features include:
    - Automated batch, interactive, and cross-platform scheduling
    - Event-driven dependency processing
    - Centralized monitoring and reporting
    - Audit log and ready-to-use reports
    - Seamless product integration
    Scale your software, not your staff. Try the Robot Job Scheduling Solution FREE for 30 days.

  • ACO MONITOR Manages your IBM i 24/7 and Notifies You When Your IBM i Needs Assistance!

    SB DDL Systems 5429More than a paging system - ACO MONITOR is a complete systems management solution for your Power Systems running IBM i. ACO MONITOR manages your Power System 24/7, uses advanced technology (like two-way messaging) to notify on-duty support personnel, and responds to complex problems before they reach critical status.

    ACO MONITOR is proven technology and is capable of processing thousands of mission-critical events daily. The software is pre-configured, easy to install, scalable, and greatly improves data center efficiency.