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An Introduction to ILE RPG: Part 5

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Brief: In our final installment of this introductory ILE RPG series, we examine the support for date data types. ILE RPG can define date, time and timestamp fields corresponding with the DDS support for these data types. It also provides support for date arithmetic, conversion from one date type to another, and conversion to and from numeric and character fields.

Last month we saw the introduction of built-in functions, which can substantially reduce program development and maintenance time, in some cases reducing complex routines or called programs in RPG/400 to a single line of code in ILE RPG.

In this article, we look at one of the most exciting features of ILE RPG- support for date data types. Date data types have been available on the AS/400 since V2R2; but because they cannot be directly processed in RPG/400, their usefulness has been limited. ILE RPG provides full support for date data types and date arithmetic. This support makes it easy to calculate the difference between two dates or to increment a date by a number of days, taking into account the varying number of days in each month. For example, 1992 is a leap year. If you add 30 days to January 31, 1992, ILE RPG correctly calculates the result as March 1, 1992; if you add 30 days to January 31, 1993, the result is March 2, 1993.

The "Date, Time and Timestamp Data Types" sidebar (page 100) covers the possible formats for date fields in OS/400. Within ILE RPG, you can define fields or constants as date (D), time (T) or timestamp (Z) data types. For the rest of this article, we'll refer to such fields generically as date fields unless an example specifically applies to time or timestamp fields. The length of a date field is determined by the data type and the date format-it should not be coded as part of the definition.

The default format for date fields in an ILE RPG program can be specified in the Header specification (H-spec) using the DATFMT and TIMFMT keywords. (For more information on H-spec keywords, see "An Introduction to ILE: Part 1," MC, March 1994.) If these keywords are not used, the default format is International Standards Organization (*ISO) format.

Date Field Definitions

1 shows samples of defining date and time fields with initialized values. Since no H-spec exists in the program, date fields that do not include a DATFMT or TIMFMT keyword default to *ISO format; and the *ISO format must be used to initialize all date fields regardless of their format.

Figure 1 shows samples of defining date and time fields with initialized values. Since no H-spec exists in the program, date fields that do not include a DATFMT or TIMFMT keyword default to *ISO format; and the *ISO format must be used to initialize all date fields regardless of their format.

In the first example in 1, the D in position 40 defines the field eur_date as a date field. Since *EUR is specified for the DATFMT keyword, the date is internally represented in IBM European Standard format (i.e., dd.mm.yyyy) and is automatically defined as 10 characters in length. The INZ parameter initializes the field to 16.12.1994 (December 16, 1994). Even though the field eur_date is defined as a *EUR format date field, the value on the INZ parameter must be in *ISO format (i.e., 1994-12-16). Several other examples of date field definitions are included in 1.

In the first example in Figure 1, the D in position 40 defines the field eur_date as a date field. Since *EUR is specified for the DATFMT keyword, the date is internally represented in IBM European Standard format (i.e., dd.mm.yyyy) and is automatically defined as 10 characters in length. The INZ parameter initializes the field to 16.12.1994 (December 16, 1994). Even though the field eur_date is defined as a *EUR format date field, the value on the INZ parameter must be in *ISO format (i.e., 1994-12-16). Several other examples of date field definitions are included in Figure 1.

The T in position 40 defines the field hms_time as a time field. Since *HMS is specified for the TIMFMT keyword, the time is internally represented in Hours:Minutes:Seconds format (i.e., hh.mm.ss). The INZ parameter initializes the field to 30 seconds after 6:06 p.m. In a similar manner, the field usa_time is defined as a *USA format time field with an implied length of eight. While the internal format of this field is hh:mm AM or hh:mm PM, the value on the INZ parameter must be in *ISO format (i.e., hh.mm.ss).

Literals cannot be specified in a date format different from the default for the program. Therefore, the value for all date and time literals must be represented in the format specified in the H-spec or *ISO format if no format is specified. Date literals should be prefixed by D, T and Z for date, time and timestamp values. Using the *ISO format, D'1994-12-16' defines a date literal with a length of 10 and a value of December 16, 1994. T'18.06.30' defines a time literal with a length of eight and a value of 30 seconds after 6:06 p.m. Z'1994-12-16-18.06.30' defines a timestamp literal with a length of 26 and a value of 30 seconds after 6:06 p.m. on December 16, 1994. (If the microseconds portion of a timestamp literal is not specified, it defaults to '000000' and its length remains 26).

2 shows another sample of defining date and time fields with initialized values. In this sample, a DATFMT of *USA and TIMFMT of *HMS are specified on the H-spec.

Figure 2 shows another sample of defining date and time fields with initialized values. In this sample, a DATFMT of *USA and TIMFMT of *HMS are specified on the H-spec.

As in the prior sample, the field eur_date is defined as a 10-character, *EUR- format (dd.mm.yyyy) date field. But this time the initialization value must be provided in *USA format (mm/dd/yyyy) because of the DATFMT keyword specified in the H-spec.

When the LIKE keyword is used, the DATFMT and TIMFMT keywords are not allowed. The field eur_date2 is defined as a 10-character, *EUR-format (dd.mm.yyyy) date field that takes its format (but not its value) from the field eur_date.

The field usa_date is defined as an eight-character, *USA-format date field with a format of *USA&. The ampersand (&) changes the default separator character from a slash (/) to a blank. The value of the field usa_date will be 12 16 1994, while the value of the field usa_date2 will be 12/16/1994.

Default Values

We've already shown how date fields can be initialized to a specific value using the INZ keyword in the D-specs. You can also initialize a date field using the CLEAR operation code in the C-specs. The default initialization and CLEAR value is not all zeros, as might be expected. For date fields, the default value is January 1, 0001; for time fields, the default value is midnight; and for timestamp fields, the default value is midnight on January 1, 0001. In all cases, the format includes separator characters and is based on the DATFMT and TIMFMT parameters or the default *ISO format. If the DATFMT and TIMFMT keywords are not specified in either the H-spec or the D-spec, the cleared value of a date field is 0001-01-01; the cleared value of a time field is 00.00.00; and the cleared value of a timestamp field is 0001-01-01- 00.00.00.000000. The value set by *LOVAL is the same as the CLEAR value.

The value set by *HIVAL is December 31, 9999 for a date field, one second before midnight (23.59.59) for a time field, and one microsecond before midnight on December 31, 9999 for a timestamp field (9999-12-31- 23.59.59.999999).

Comparing Date Fields

Date data types can be used in factor 1 and factor 2 for many ILE RPG operation codes. As with other types of fields, you can compare date fields only if they have the same data type-date, time or timestamp. ILE RPG will automatically handle different formats-an *ISO-format time field with a value of 15.30.00 will compare equal to a *USA-format time field with a value of 03:30 PM. In the same respect, a *MDY-format date field with a value of 12/16/94 will compare equal to a *YMD-format date field with a value of 94/12/16.

Date Arithmetic

Arithmetic operations are where the new date data types really shine. Many RPG/400 programs use a complex subroutine that accounts for leap years and the varying number of days in each month to calculate the difference between two dates or to increment a date by a specific number of days. You can get the same results with much less effort using date fields and several new operation codes.

The Add Duration (ADDDUR) operation code can be used to add a duration to a date, time or timestamp field, resulting in a field of the same type. Factor 1 is optional and, if not specified, defaults to the result field. Factor 1 and the result field must be the same data type.

Factor 2 is required and contains two parts separated by a colon (:). The first part must be a numeric field, array element or constant with zero decimal positions. The second part is a code indicating the type of duration. The duration code must be valid for the data type of the field specified in the result field. For example, you cannot add a minute duration to a date type field.

The valid duration codes are *YEARS or *Y; *MONTHS or *M; *DAYS or *D; *HOURS or *H; *MINUTES or *MN; *SECONDS or *S; and *MSECONDS or *MS.

An error indicator can be specified in the less-than columns (73-74). The value of the result field remains unchanged and this indicator is set on if:

o The date, time or timestamp field in factor 1 contains invalid data. o Factor 1 is not specified and the date, time or timestamp field in the result field contains invalid data. o The result of the operation is invalid.

3 shows some samples of using the ADDDUR operation code. Since no H-spec is present, all date and time values are specified in *ISO format.

Figure 3 shows some samples of using the ADDDUR operation code. Since no H-spec is present, all date and time values are specified in *ISO format.

The first C-spec adds 30 days to the field start_date and stores the result in the field end_date. Both start_date and end_date are defined as date fields with an *ISO format and an implied length of 10. Since the field start_date is initialized to 1994-12-16, the field end_date will have a value of 1995-01-15 after execution of the ADDDUR operation code. If an error occurs, indicator 50 will be turned on. Indicator 50 will be turned off if no error occurs.

In the second sample in 3, one month is being added to the *USA format date field month_end. The field month_end is initialized to a value of 10/31/1994 in D-specs. Adding one month to the month portion of this date would result in an invalid date of 11/31/1994; but the result of the ADDDUR operation is automatically adjusted to the last valid day of the month. The field month_end will have the value 11/30/1994 after execution of the ADDDUR operation code.

In the second sample in Figure 3, one month is being added to the *USA format date field month_end. The field month_end is initialized to a value of 10/31/1994 in D-specs. Adding one month to the month portion of this date would result in an invalid date of 11/31/1994; but the result of the ADDDUR operation is automatically adjusted to the last valid day of the month. The field month_end will have the value 11/30/1994 after execution of the ADDDUR operation code.

In the next example, one year is added to the field employ_dat and the result is stored in the field anniv_dat. The field employ_dat is initialized to a value of 02/29/1992 in D-specs. Adding one year to this date without any adjustment would result in an invalid date of 02/29/1993 since 1993 is not a leap year; but the result of the ADDDUR operation is again automatically adjusted to the last valid day of the month. The field anniv_dat will have the value 02/28/1993 after execution of the ADDDUR operation code.

The next sample demonstrates the use of the ADDDUR operation code with time fields. The first calculation adds three hours to the literal in factor 1, which is set to midnight. The time constant is expressed in *ISO format using a period (.) as a separator character even though the result field end_time is defined in *HMS format using a colon (:) as a separator character. The next two lines of code add 22 minutes and 50 seconds to end_time, giving a result of 03:22:50.

The Subtract Duration (SUBDUR) operation code follows the same rules as ADDDUR to subtract durations from date fields. The result field is required and must be the same data type as factor 1 if factor 1 is specified. Several examples are shown in 4.

The Subtract Duration (SUBDUR) operation code follows the same rules as ADDDUR to subtract durations from date fields. The result field is required and must be the same data type as factor 1 if factor 1 is specified. Several examples are shown in Figure 4.

The SUBDUR operation can also be used to calculate the duration (or difference) between:

o Two dates. o A date and a timestamp. o Two times. o A time and a timestamp. o Two timestamps.

When calculating a duration, both factor 1 and factor 2 must be specified and must contain the same or compatible data types. A date and a timestamp are compatible as are a time and a timestamp. However, ILE RPG will handle any conversion between date or time formats (i.e., a *USA date subtracted from a *ISO date). The result field is also required and contains two parts. The first must be a numeric field, array element or constant with zero decimal positions in which the result will be placed. The second is separated from the first by a colon (:) and must be a valid duration code indicating the type of duration. The result will be negative if the date or time in factor 1 is earlier than the date or time in factor 2.

4 shows some samples of using the SUBDUR operation code. Since DATFMT(*USA) is specified on the H-spec, all date literals must be provided in *USA format. Because TIMFMT(*HMS) is also specified, all time literals must be provided in *HMS format.

Figure 4 shows some samples of using the SUBDUR operation code. Since DATFMT(*USA) is specified on the H-spec, all date literals must be provided in *USA format. Because TIMFMT(*HMS) is also specified, all time literals must be provided in *HMS format.

The first three examples are very similar to the examples for ADDDUR in the previous section. A duration is subtracted from a date, resulting in a new date; if necessary, ILE RPG automatically adjusts the result to a valid date, taking into account leap year and the number of days in each month.

The fourth sample demonstrates the use of the SUBDUR operation code with timestamp fields to determine the difference between two timestamp values. The field start_time is defined as a timestamp field with a value of 1994-05-12- 02.59.40, and the field end_time is defined as a timestamp field with a value of 1994-05-12-03.22.50. Micro-seconds default to all zeros. Since the duration code *SECS is specified on the result field, the field num_sec will have a value of 1,390 seconds after execution of the SUBDUR operation code.

In the last sample, the date field loan_date, which has a value of 12/16/1993, is subtracted from the date field due_date, which has a value of 12/16/2008. Since the duration code *M (months) is specified on the result field, the field num_mon will have a value of 180 months.

EXTRCT Operation Code

The Extract (EXTRCT) operation code can be used to extract a portion of a date field. Factor 1 must be blank. Factor 2 is required and contains two parts separated by a colon (:). The first part must be a date, time or timestamp field. The second part must be a duration code that is valid for the data type of the field specified in the first part of factor 2. For example, you can extract hours from a time or timestamp field but not from a date field.

The result field may be a numeric or character field. Before the EXTRCT operation is executed, the result field is cleared. Numeric result fields are right-justified while character result fields are left-justified.

The first three samples in 5 extract information from the field due_date which is defined as an *ISO format date field and initialized to 2008-12-16. The month is extracted into the character field char_month with a result of '12'. The day is extracted into the character field char_day with a result of '16'. The year is extracted into the numeric field num_year with a result of 1994.

The first three samples in Figure 5 extract information from the field due_date which is defined as an *ISO format date field and initialized to 2008-12-16. The month is extracted into the character field char_month with a result of '12'. The day is extracted into the character field char_day with a result of '16'. The year is extracted into the numeric field num_year with a result of 1994.

The second group of examples uses the field start_time, which is defined as a timestamp field and initialized to a value of 1994-10-22-02.59.40. The month is extracted into the character field char_month with a result of '10', and the hour is extracted into the numeric field num_hour with a result of 2.

Converting Date Formats

The MOVE and MOVEL operation codes can be used to convert date, time and timestamp fields from one data type or format to another. The valid conversions are:

o Date to date, timestamp, character or numeric. o Time to time, timestamp, character or numeric. o Timestamp to date, time, character or numeric. o Character or numeric to date, time or timestamp.

You can use the Move Array (MOVEA) operation code only to move date data type fields to a charactertype field, array or array element.

As with any move operation, when you use one of the MOVE operation codes to convert from one data type to another, the value in factor 2 will be moved to the result field.

Factor 1 is optional and is used to specify the format of factor 2, when factor 2 is not a date data type. Alternatively, factor 1 can be used to specify the format of the result field when the result field is not a date data type. All of the date formats are valid and, in addition, *JOBRUN can be used to indicate that the date format values from the job should be used. If factor 1 is not specified, then the DATFMT and TIMFMT values in the H-spec are used if specified; otherwise, *ISO format is assumed. Factor 1 must be blank if both factor 2 and the result field are date data types. In this case, ILE RPG will automatically convert from one date format to another.

When a MOVE operation code is used to convert a character field to a date type field, the character field must include the separators required by the format specified in factor 1. Conversely, when a date field is moved to a character field, the character field will contain separators based upon the format specified in factor 1.

Separators are not permitted when moving a numeric field to a date field, nor are they inserted when moving a date field to a numeric field.

6 shows some samples of converting dates using the MOVE operation code. In the first sample, the field start_num is defined as a zoned decimal field in which we are storing a date in YYMMDD format (941216). We want to add 30 days to the value in start_num. In RPG/400, this requires a subroutine that accounts for leap years and the number of days in each month; but, as 6 illustrates, it is a simple process in ILE RPG.

Figure 6 shows some samples of converting dates using the MOVE operation code. In the first sample, the field start_num is defined as a zoned decimal field in which we are storing a date in YYMMDD format (941216). We want to add 30 days to the value in start_num. In RPG/400, this requires a subroutine that accounts for leap years and the number of days in each month; but, as Figure 6 illustrates, it is a simple process in ILE RPG.

First, we use the MOVE operation code to convert the zoned decimal field start_num to the *ISO date start_date. Factor 1 indicates the field start_num is in *YMD format (e.g., YYMMDD). Then all we have to do is use the ADDDUR operation code to add 30 days to start_date and MOVE the *ISO date field start_date back to the zoned decimal field start_num. Again, factor 1 indicates the field start_num is to be formatted in *YMD format. The field start_num will have the value 950115.

In the next sample, the move operation code is used to convert a date from *USA to *EUR format. The field usa_date is defined as a *USA-format field with a value of 04/16/1916. The field eur_date is defined as a *EUR-format field. Moving the field usa_date to the field eur_date will result in eur_date having the value 16.04.1916.

The final sample demonstrates a potentially serious problem for those who store their dates in MMDDYY, DDMMYY or YYMMDD format. Dates in these formats must be in the range of 1940 to 2039. Attempting to move a value outside of this range to this format date will result in a run-time error. Since the *USA-format date usa_date has a value of 04/16/1916, which is before 1940, attempting to move this date to the *YMD-format date ymd_date will cause a run-time error.

Many people store their dates in packed decimal fields in CYYMMDD format where C represents the century (e.g., 0941216 represents 12/16/1994 and 1941216 represents 12/16/2094). *CYMD is not currently supported as a convert-from or convert-to date format. This is one of the most serious deficiencies in the ILE RPG language definition. Hopefully, IBM Toronto will recognize the major problems this will cause. Hopefully, this support will be added to ILE RPG before general availability of V3R1M0 or, worst case, be made available in the next release (or version?).

Summary

In this series of articles, we've only had time to take a look at some of the enhancements IBM has made to RPG in V3R1M0. For example, we haven't covered bound program calls; CLEAR and RESET operation code enhancements; date, time and timestamp built-in functions; and much more. Yet, we have seen that ILE RPG has introduced many radical changes to the RPG language definition:

o Numerous modifications were required to handle the change from 6- to 10- character symbolic names.

o Keyword notation has not only freed up space to accommodate longer fields in F-specs, it has also made the coding of H-specs and F-specs much easier for us and much easier for IBM to enhance in the future.

o E-specs have been eliminated with array and table definition moved to D- specs. Named constant and data structure definition has been moved from I-specs to D-specs.

o The new D-specs permit us to consolidate our data definitions in a single place in our programs. Substantial productivity gains should result from the introduction of the OVERLAY and PREFIX keywords and the ability to use length notation in data structures.

o Major changes to C-specs include six-character operation codes and free-form arithmetic and logical expressions. Our programs should be easier to code and maintain with the ability to code complex logic in a single EVAL, IF, WHEN, DOW or DOU calculation continued over multiple lines as necessary.

o Built-in functions can substantially reduce program development and maintenance time, in some cases reducing complex routines or called programs in RPG/400 to a single line of code in ILE RPG.

o The introduction of date, time and timestamp data types will finally let us easily address the year 2000. The ADDDUR and SUBDUR operation codes will enable us to replace entire subroutines or subprograms with a single line of code. ILE RPG is not the same old RPG. It offers the hope of making RPG a viable language into the twenty-first century.

Charlie Massoglia, president of Massoglia Technical Consulting, Inc. in Okemos, Michigan, has authored a number of midrange books. His cowboy hat is his trademark for his frequent speaking tours throughout the United States, Canada, Europe and Australia. Charlie can be reached at 517-676-9700.

Date, Time and Timestamp Data Types

DDS has supported date, time and timestamp data types for some time. Because these data types are not directly supported in RPG/400, they have been of little practical value for RPG programmers. ILE RPG is about to change that.

A1 shows the eight date formats currently supported for date fields. The date format controls the order and length of the month, day and year. In addition, the date format specifies the default separator character of slash (/), hyphen (-) or period (.). The year can be represented in two-byte (yy) and four-byte (yyyy) character format. The day of month (dd) is represented in two- byte format, while Julian day (ddd) is represented in three-byte format. The month (mm) is always represented in two-byte format.

Figure A1 shows the eight date formats currently supported for date fields. The date format controls the order and length of the month, day and year. In addition, the date format specifies the default separator character of slash (/), hyphen (-) or period (.). The year can be represented in two-byte (yy) and four-byte (yyyy) character format. The day of month (dd) is represented in two- byte format, while Julian day (ddd) is represented in three-byte format. The month (mm) is always represented in two-byte format.

The external length is the number of bytes of storage required to store the date field on disk without the separator characters. All date fields, regardless of date format, require four bytes of storage. The internal length is the number of bytes of storage required to represent the date in a program, on a screen or in a report including the separator characters. Date fields require between six and ten characters of storage for internal representation, depending upon the date format specified.

Leading zeros are required for all date formats except *USA.

ILE RPG supports five time formats, as shown in A2. The time format designates whether 12- or 24-hour format is used and whether seconds are shown. In addition, the time format specifies the default separator character of colon (:) or period (.). Hours (hh) and minutes (mm) are represented in two-byte format. Either the seconds (ss) are represented in two-byte format for 24-hour time, or AM or PM is represented in two-byte format for 12-hour time.

ILE RPG supports five time formats, as shown in Figure A2. The time format designates whether 12- or 24-hour format is used and whether seconds are shown. In addition, the time format specifies the default separator character of colon (:) or period (.). Hours (hh) and minutes (mm) are represented in two-byte format. Either the seconds (ss) are represented in two-byte format for 24-hour time, or AM or PM is represented in two-byte format for 12-hour time.

The external length of a time field is always three bytes. Time fields always require eight bytes for internal representation regardless of the time format specified.

Leading zeros are required for all time formats except *USA.

Fields with a timestamp data type always have the same format as shown in A3. Year (yyyy) is always four bytes, followed by month (mm), day (dd), hours (hh), minutes (mm) and seconds (ss) which are always two bytes. Microseconds (uuuuuu) is last with six bytes. The separator characters are always a combination of hyphens (-) for the date and periods (.) for the time.

Fields with a timestamp data type always have the same format as shown in Figure A3. Year (yyyy) is always four bytes, followed by month (mm), day (dd), hours (hh), minutes (mm) and seconds (ss) which are always two bytes. Microseconds (uuuuuu) is last with six bytes. The separator characters are always a combination of hyphens (-) for the date and periods (.) for the time.

The external length of a time-stamp field is always 10 bytes. Timestamp fields always require 26 bytes for internal representation. If microseconds is not specified when a timestamp value is used in ILE RPG, the compiler pads the value with zeros.


An Introduction to ILE RPG: Part 5

Figure 1 Defining Date and Time Fields with Initialized Val

 
  Format 
  *.. 1 ...+... 2 ...+... 3 ...+... 4 ...+... 5 ...+... 6 ...+... 7 ...+... 8 
  ...+... 9 ...+... 10 
  HFunctions+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++Comm 
  ents++++++++++++ 
  H 
 
  DName+++++++++++ETDsFrom+++To/L+++IDc.Functions............................Comm 
  ents++++++++++++ 
  D eur_date        S               D   DATFMT(*EUR) INZ(D'1994-12-16') 
  16.12.1994 
  D usa_date        S               D   DATFMT(*USA) INZ(D'1994-12-16') 
  12/16/1994 
  D iso_date        S               D   INZ(D'1994-12-16') 
  1994-12-16 
 
  D hms_time        S               T   TIMFMT(*HMS) INZ(T'18.06.30') 
  18:06:30 
  D usa_time        S               T   TIMFMT(*USA) INZ(T'18.06.30')        6:06 
  PM 
  D iso_time        S               T   INZ(T'18.06.30') 
  18.06.30 

An Introduction to ILE RPG: Part 5

Figure 2 Defining Date and Time Fields with Initialized Val

 
  *HMS Format 
  *.. 1 ...+... 2 ...+... 3 ...+... 4 ...+... 5 ...+... 6 ...+... 7 ...+... 8 
  ...+... 9 ...+... 10 
  HFunctions+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++Comm 
  ents++++++++++++ 
  H DATFMT(*USA) TIMFMT(*HMS) 
 
  DName+++++++++++ETDsFrom+++To/L+++IDc.Functions............................Comm 
  ents++++++++++++ 
  D eur_date        S               D   DATFMT(*EUR) INZ(D'12/16/1994') 
  16.12.1994 
  D eur_date2       S                   LIKE(eur_date) INZ(D'05/18/1995') 
  18.05.1995 
  D usa_date        S               D   DATFMT(*USA&) INZ(D'12/16/1994')     12 
  16 1994 
  D usa_date2       S               D   INZ(D'12/16/1994') 
  12/16/1994 
  D iso_date        S               D   DATFMT(*ISO) INZ(D'12/16/1994') 
  1994-12-16 
 
  D usa_time        S               T   TIMFMT(*USA) INZ(T'18:06:30')        6:06 
  PM 
  D hms_time        S               T   INZ(T'18:06:30') 
  18:06:30 
  D iso_time        S               T   TIMFMT(*ISO) INZ(T'18:06:30') 
  18.06.30 

An Introduction to ILE RPG: Part 5

Figure 3 ADDDUR-Add Duration Operation Code

 
  *.. 1 ...+... 2 ...+... 3 ...+... 4 ...+... 5 ...+... 6 ...+... 7 ...+... 8 
  ...+... 9 ...+... 10 
  DName+++++++++++ETDsFrom+++To/L+++IDc.Functions............................Comm 
  ents++++++++++++ 
  D start_date      S               D   DATFMT(*ISO) INZ(D'1994-12-16') 
  D end_date        S               D   DATFMT(*ISO) 
  D month_end       S               D   DATFMT(*USA) INZ(D'1994-10-31') 
  D employ_dat      S               D   DATFMT(*USA) INZ(D'1992-02-29') 
  D anniv_dat       S               D   DATFMT(*USA) 
  D end_time        S               T   TIMFMT(*HMS) 
  D total_time      S               Z 
 
  CL0N01Factor1+++++++Opcode(E)+Factor2+++++++Result++++++++Len++D+HiLoEq....Comm 
  ents+++++++++++++ 
   * 
   * Add 30 days to date 
   * 
  C     start_date    adddur    30:*days      end_date               50 
   * 
   * Add 1 month to date 
   * 
  C                   adddur    1:*months     month_end 
   * 
   * Add 1 year to date 
   * 
  C     employ_dat    adddur    1:*years      anniv_dat 
   * 
   * Add 3 hours, 22 minutes and 50 seconds to midnight 
   * 
  C     T'00.00.00'   adddur    3:*hours      end_time 
  C                   adddur    22:*min       end_time 
  C                   adddur    50:*seconds   end_time 
   * 
   * Add 1000 microseconds to a timestamp 
   * 
  C                   adddur    1000:*ms      total_time 

An Introduction to ILE RPG: Part 5

Figure 4 SUBDUR-Subtract Duration Operation Code

 
  *.. 1 ...+... 2 ...+... 3 ...+... 4 ...+... 5 ...+... 6 ...+... 7 ...+... 8 
  ...+... 9 ...+... 10 
  HFunctions+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++Comm 
  ents++++++++++++ 
  H DATFMT(*USA) TIMFMT(*HMS) 
 
  DName+++++++++++ETDsFrom+++To/L+++IDc.Functions............................Comm 
  ents++++++++++++ 
  D start_date      S               D   DATFMT(*ISO) 
  D end_date        S               D   DATFMT(*ISO) INZ(D'01/04/1995') 
  D month_end       S               D   DATFMT(*USA) INZ(D'10/31/1994') 
  D employ_dat      S               D   DATFMT(*USA) 
  D anniv_dat       S               D   DATFMT(*USA) INZ(D'02/29/1992') 
  D start_time      S               Z   INZ(Z'1994-05-12-02.59.40') 
  D end_time        S               Z   INZ(Z'1994-05-12-03.22.50') 
  D loan_date       S               D   INZ(D'12/16/1993') 
  D due_date        S               D   INZ(D'12/16/2008') 
 
  CL0N01Factor1+++++++Opcode(E)+Factor2+++++++Result++++++++Len++D+HiLoEq....Comm 
  ents+++++++++++++ 
   * 
   * Subtract 30 days from date 
   * 
  C     end_date      subdur    30:*days      start_date             50 
   * 
   * Subtract 1 month from date 
   * 
  C                   subdur    1:*months     month_end 
   * 
   * Subtract 1 year from date 
   * 
  C     anniv_date    subdur    1:*years      employ_dat 
   * 
   * Calculate number of seconds between start and stop timestamps 
   * 
  C     end_time      subdur    start_time    num_sec:*secs     7 0 
   * 
   * Calculate number of days between dates 
   * 
  CL0N01Factor1+++++++Opcode(E)+Factor2+++++++Result++++++++Len++D+HiLoEq....Comm 
  ents+++++++++++++ 
  C     due_date      subdur    loan_date     num_mon:*m        3 0 

An Introduction to ILE RPG: Part 5

Figure 5 EXTRCT-Extract Operation Code

 
  *.. 1 ...+... 2 ...+... 3 ...+... 4 ...+... 5 ...+... 6 ...+... 7 ...+... 8 
  ...+... 9 ...+... 10 
  DName+++++++++++ETDsFrom+++To/L+++IDc.Functions............................Comm 
  ents++++++++++++ 
  D due_date        S               D   INZ(D'2008-12-16') 
  D start_time      S               Z   INZ(Z'1994-10-22-02.59.40') 
 
  CL0N01Factor1+++++++Opcode(E)+Factor2+++++++Result++++++++Len++D+HiLoEq....Comm 
  ents+++++++++++++ 
   * 
   * Extract month, day and year 
   * 
  C                   extrct    due_date:*m   char_month        2 
  C                   extrct    due_date:*d   char_day          2 
  C                   extrct    due_date:*y   num_year          4 0 
   * 
   * Extract month and hours 
   * 
  C                   extrct    start_time:*m char_month 
  C                   extrct    start_time:*h num_hour          2 0 

An Introduction to ILE RPG: Part 5

Figure 6 MOVE with Dates, Times and Timestamps

 
  *.. 1 ...+... 2 ...+... 3 ...+... 4 ...+... 5 ...+... 6 ...+... 7 ...+... 8 
  ...+... 9 ...+... 10 
  * No H-spec so dates and times default to *ISO format. 
 
  DName+++++++++++ETDsFrom+++To/L+++IDc.Functions............................Comm 
  ents++++++++++++ 
  D start_num       S              6S 0 INZ(941216) 
  D start_date      S               D   DATFMT(*ISO) 
  D usa_date        S               D   DATFMT(*USA) INZ(D'1916-04-16') 
  04/16/1916 
  D eur_date        S               D   DATFMT(*EUR) 
  D ymd_date        S               D   DATFMT(*YMD) 
 
  CL0N01Factor1+++++++Opcode(E)+Factor2+++++++Result++++++++Len++D+HiLoEq....Comm 
  ents+++++++++++++ 
   * 
   * Add 30 days to date stored as a number in YYMMDD format 
   * 
  C     *YMD          move      start_num     start_date 
  start_date=1994-12-16 
  C                   adddur    30:*days      start_date 
  start_date=1995-01-15 
  C     *YMD          move      start_date    start_num 
  start_num=950115 
   * 
   * Convert a date from *USA to *EUR format 
   * 
  C                   move      usa_date      eur_date 
  eur_date=16.04.1916 
   * 
   * Cannot convert a date before 1940 or after 2039 to *YMD format 
   * 
  C                   move      usa_date      ymd_date                       run 
  time error 

An Introduction to ILE RPG: Part 5

Figure A1 Date Formats and Default Separators

 
  Date 
  Format          Date Format     Internal        External 
  Parameter       Description     and Separator   Length  Length  Example 
 
  *MDY    Month/Day/Year  mm/dd/yy        8       4       12/16/94 
  *DMY    Day/Month/Year  dd/mm/yy        8       4       16/12/94 
  *YMD    Year/Month/Day  yy/mm/dd        8       4       94/12/16 
  *JUL    Julian  yy/ddd  6       4       94/350 
  *ISO    International Standards yyyy-mm-dd      10      4       1994-12-16 
            Organization 
  *USA    IBM USA Standard        mm/dd/yyyy      10      4       12/16/1994 
  *EUR    IBM European Standard   dd.mm.yyyy      10      4       16.12.1994 
  *JIS    Japanese Industrial     yyyy-mm-dd      10      4       1994-12-16 
            Standard Christian Era 

An Introduction to ILE RPG: Part 5

Figure A2 Time Formats and Default Separators

 
  Time 
  Format          Time Format     Internal        External 
  Parameter       Description     and Separator   Length  Length  Example 
 
  *HMS    Hours:Minutes:Seconds   hh:mm:ss        8       3       18:06:30 
  *ISO    International Standards hh.mm.ss        8       3       18.06.30 
            Organization 
  *USA    IBM USA Standard        hh:mm AM or     8       3       6:06 PM 
                  hh:mm PM 
  *EUR    IBM European Standard   hh.mm.ss        8       3       18.06.30 
  *JIS    Japanese Industrial     hh:mm:ss        8       3       18:06:30 
            Standard Christian Era 

An Introduction to ILE RPG: Part 5

Figure A3 Timestamp Format and Separator Characters

 
          Internal        External 
  Format  Length  Length  Example 
 
  yyyy-mm-dd-hh.mm.ss.uuuuuu      26      10      1994-12-16.18.06.30.000001 
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  • ​7 Habits of Highly Secure Organizations

    SB PowerTech WC Generic

    Everyone knows that cyber security is important, but getting started on the road to data protection and compliance can be confusing and intimidating. Understanding common vulnerabilities helps you focus your attention and resources on the areas that need the most help.
    We all want “best-practice” security, but what are top organizations doing to achieve and maintain it?
    Watch this webinar to learn the details about how to develop the seven habits that are part of daily life for secure organizations. You’ll learn how to:
    - Break the Ostrich Syndrome
    - Develop a Security Policy
    - Assess Current Standing
    - Perform Security Event Logging and Review
    - Use “Best of Breed” Technologies
    - Monitor for Ongoing Compliance
    - Plan for the Future
    This on-demand webinar examines what each of these habits means to IBM i, and helps you make sure that you don’t become the next security statistic.

  • An Introduction to PCI Compliance on IBM Power Systems

    SB PowerTech WC Generic

    "From the world's largest corporations to small Internet stores, compliance with the PCI Data Security Standard (PCI DSS) is vital for all merchants who accept credit cards, online or offline, because nothing is more important than keeping your customer’s payment card data secure.” — PCI Security Standards Council
    Complying with the PCI standard is a normal part of doing business in today’s credit-centric world. But, PCI applies to multiple platforms.
    The challenge becomes how to map the general PCI requirements to a specific platform, such as IBM i. And, more importantly, how can you maintain—and prove—compliance?
    Watch this webinar to understand:
    - How PCI requirements relate to IBM i systems
    - IBM i-specific barriers to compliance
    - How PowerTech security solutions help you fulfill PCI requirements, meet compliance guidelines, and satisfy auditors
    You’ll leave with the knowledge and confidence you need to evaluate PCI compliance requirements and prepare your IBM i system for today’s regulatory challenges.

  • Implementing Multiple Layers of Defense

    SB PowerTech WC Generic

    Your IBM i holds a massive amount of data. In most organizations, that data constitutes a mission-critical and high-value asset.

    How do you adequately protect the data residing on your IBM i, given its value to your organization? IBM has provided us with many options for protecting our data, but it’s now always clear how to select and implement the best options for your circumstances.

    This recorded webinar describes IBM i’s different data security options, along with implementation recommendations and tips for getting started. Carol Woodbury, one of the world’s top IBM i security experts, also provides considerations to help you determine how many layers of security are right for your organization.

  • Data Breaches: Is IBM i Really at Risk?

    SB PowerTech WC GenericIBM i is known for its security, but this OS could be more vulnerable than you think.
    Although Power Servers often live inside the safety of the perimeter firewall, the risk of suffering a data leak or data corruption remains high.
    Watch noted IBM i security expert Robin Tatam as he discusses common ways that this supposedly “secure” operating system may actually be vulnerable and who the culprits might be.

    Watch the webinar today!

     

  • Easy Mobile Development

    SB Profound WC Generic

    Watch this on-demand webinar and learn how to rapidly and easily deploy mobile apps to your organization – even when working with legacy RPG code! IBM Champion Scott Klement will demonstrate how to:
    - Develop RPG applications without mobile development experience
    - Deploy secure applications for any mobile device
    - Build one application for all platforms, including Apple and Android
    - Extend the life and reach of your IBM i (aka iSeries, AS400) platform
    You’ll see examples from customers who have used our products and services to deliver the mobile applications of their dreams, faster and easier than they ever thought possible!
    Watch this Webinar Now!

  • Profound UI: Unlock True Modernization from your IBM i Enterprise

    SB Profound PPL 5491


    Modern, web-based applications can make your Enterprise more efficient, connected and engaged. This session will demonstrate how the Profound UI framework is the best and most native way to convert your existing RPG applications and develop new modern applications for your business. Additionally, you will learn how you can address modernization across your Enterprise, including databases and legacy source code, with Profound Logic.
    We will demonstrate how Profound UI:
    - Goes beyond simple screen-scraping to truly modernize your RPG applications
    - Uses RPG Open Access and your own RPG code and development talent to modernize
    - Supports rapid development with an easy-to-use, drag-and-drop Designer
    - Integrates with our on-the-fly modernization, mobile development, and Enterprise Modernization solutions

  • 5 New and Unique Ways to Use the IBM i Audit Journal

    SB HelpSystems ROBOT GenericHigh availability for IBM i has been a hot topic in 2017, jumping 20% from our 2016 survey to take the #2 seat on IT priority lists just behind cybersecurity. And no surprise with these two topics so closely tied to your most valuable asset: your irreplaceable business data.
    With major airline outages last year and the recent ransomware attacks, you must be asking yourself: am I doing everything I can to protect my organization’s data?
    Tune in as our panel of IBM i high availability experts—Tom Huntington, Matt Staddler, and Cole Ragland—deliver lively discussion around the top high availability issues of today, including:

    • Why companies don’t test role swaps when they know they should
    • Whether high availability in the cloud makes sense for IBM i users
    • Why some organizations don’t have high availability yet
    • How to get high availability up and running at your organization
    • High availability considerations for today’s security concerns

    There are no do-overs when it comes to your data. Once it’s gone, it’s gone...unless you have a data replication layer in place to protect it. Learn the value of these strategic solutions and how you can implement them in a hurry—watch now!

     

  • Profound.js 2.0: Extend the Power of Node to your IBM i Applications

    SB Profound WC 5541In this Webinar, we'll demonstrate how Profound.js 2.0 enables you to easily adopt Node.js in your business, and to take advantage of the many benefits of Node, including access to a much larger pool of developers for IBM i and access to countless reusable open source code packages on npm (Node Package Manager).
    You will see how Profound.js 2.0 allows you to:

    • Provide RPG-like capabilities for server-side JavaScript.
    • Easily create web and mobile application interfaces for Node on IBM i.
    • Let existing RPG programs call Node.js modules directly, and vice versa.
    • Automatically generate code for Node.js.
    • Automatically converts existing RPGLE code into clean, simplified Node.js code.

    Download and watch today!

     

  • Make Modern Apps You'll Love with Profound UI & Profound.js

    SB Profound WC 5541Roses are red, your UIs are green...It's time to make your apps proud to be seen!
    Whether you have green screens or a drab GUI, your outdated apps can benefit from modern source code, modern GUIs, and modern tools.
    Profound Logic's Alex Roytman and Liam Allan are here to show you how Free-format RPG and Node.js make it possible to deliver applications your whole business will love.
    In this webinar, you'll learn how you can use both Profound UI and Profound.js to:

    • Transform legacy RPG code to modern free-format RPG and Node.js
    • Deliver truly modern application interfaces with Profound UI
    • Extend your RPG applications to include Web Services and NPM packages with Node.js

    This webinar will include a live product demonstration and Q&A with the presenters.

    Download and watch today!

  • Accelerating Programmer Productivity with Sequel

    SB_HelpSystems_WC_Generic

    Most business intelligence tools are just that: tools, a means to an end but not an accelerator. Yours could even be slowing you down. But what if your BI tool didn't just give you a platform for query-writing but also improved programmer productivity?
    Watch the recorded webinar to see how Sequel:

    • Makes creating complex results simple
    • Eliminates barriers to data sources
    • Increases flexibility with data usage and distribution

    Accelerated productivity makes everyone happy, from programmer to business user.

  • Business Intelligence is Changing: Make Your Game Plan

    SB_HelpSystems_WC_Generic

    Everyone wants a piece of your business data. But keeping up with data access requests in the era of constantly growing data is a challenge. As a result, your IT department can be overwhelmed, inundated, and constantly needing to play catch-up.
    It’s time to develop a strategy that will help you meet your informational challenges head-on. Watch the webinar to learn how to set your IT department up for business intelligence success in 2018.
    You’ll learn how the right data access tool will help you:

    • Access IBM i data faster
    • Deliver useful information to executives and business users
    • Empower users with secure data access

    Ready to make your game plan and finally keep up with your data access requests?

  • Controlling Insider Threats on IBM i

    SB_HelpSystems_WC_Generic

    Let’s face facts: servers don’t hack other servers. Despite the avalanche of regulations, news headlines remain chock full of stories about data breaches, all initiated by insiders or intruders masquerading as insiders.
    User profiles are often duplicated or restored and are rarely reviewed for the appropriateness of their current configuration. This increases the risk of the profile being able to access data without the intended authority or having privileges that should be reserved for administrators.
    Watch noted security expert Robin Tatam as he discusses a new approach for onboarding new users on IBM i and best-practices techniques for managing and monitoring activities after they sign on.

  • Don't Just Settle for Query/400...

    SB_HelpSystems_WC_Generic

    There’s a better way to run your queries. With an advanced query tool like Sequel Data Access, you can deliver the IBM i data your organization needs quickly and efficiently—without the hang-ups.
    In this session, we’ll address common frustrations with Query/400, discuss major data access and distribution trends, and help you understand what to look for in a more advanced query tool.
    Plus, you’ll learn how a tool like Sequel lightens IT’s load by:

    • Accessing real-time data, so you can make real-time decisions
    • Providing run-time prompts, so users can help themselves
    • Delivering instant results in Microsoft Excel and PDF, without the wait
    • Automating the query process with on-demand data, dashboards, and scheduled jobs
    • Watch the webinar and learn why you shouldn’t just settle for Query/400.

     

  • How to Manage Documents the Easy Way

    SB_HelpSystems_WC_Generic

    What happens when your company depends on an outdated document management strategy?
    Everything is harder.
    Capturing documents means scanning and filing—which takes you away from tasks that actually matter to the business. Managing documents means sorting through an endless sea of shared folders or filing cabinets—and sometimes documents can’t be found. Distributing documents means following a frustrating, manual process for routing documents internally and sending them to vendors and customers.
    You don’t need to stick with status quo anymore.
    Watch the webinar to learn how to put effective document management into practice and:

    • Capture documents faster, instead of wasting everyone’s time
    • Manage documents easily, so you can always find them
    • Distribute documents automatically, and move on to the next task

     

  • Lessons Learned from the AS/400 Breach

    SB_PowerTech_WC_Generic

    Get actionable info to avoid becoming the next cyberattack victim.
    In “Data breach digest—Scenarios from the field,” Verizon documented an AS/400 security breach. Whether you call it AS/400, iSeries, or IBM i, you now have proof that the system has been breached.
    Watch IBM i security expert Robin Tatam give an insightful discussion of the issues surrounding this specific scenario.
    Robin will also draw on his extensive cybersecurity experience to discuss policies, processes, and configuration details that you can implement to help reduce the risk of your system being the next victim of an attack.

  • Monitor VIOS (and AIX) from Your IBM i

    SB_HelpSystems_WC_Generic

    Virtual I/O Server (VIOS) runs on AIX and allows you to share input/output resources across logical partitions. The health of your VIOS server is critical to the performance of all your Power server partitions, so monitoring it is a must.
    Our 2017 IBM i Marketplace Survey Results uncovered a cool trend: an increasing number of IBM i shops are running AIX instances alongside IBM i on Power Systems servers. We like to see these systems playing nicely together on the same server, though it does shine a spotlight on shared resources.
    During this 30-minute recording, our experts demonstrate the new VIOS and AIX monitoring capabilities in Robot Monitor. You’ll learn about:

    • The top AIX metrics that impact VIOS
    • Real-time monitoring with dashboard displays
    • Threshold and notification options
    • Identifying trends to better allocate resources

    With VIOS/AIX running alongside IBM i, you need visibility into your entire Power environment.
    Watch now to see how Robot Monitor can get you there!

     

     

  • Overwhelmed by Operating Systems?

    SB_HelpSystems_WC_Generic

    You’re responsible for looking after Windows, Linux, AIX, and VIOS, but you worry that you don’t understand their complexities well enough to make your job effective—or easy.
    No problem! Simplify the management of multiple operating systems and applications without becoming experts in each area.
    In this 30-minute recorded webinar, our experts demonstrate how you can:

    • Manage multiple platforms from a central location
    • View monitoring results in a single pane of glass on your desktop or mobile device
    • Take advantage of best practice, plug-and-play monitoring templates
    • Create rules to automate daily checks across your entire infrastructure
    • Receive notification if something is wrong or about to go wrong

    This presentation includes a live demo of Network Server Suite and shows how easy monitoring multiple operating systems and applications can be using point-and-click technology.

     

  • Real-Time Disk Monitoring with Robot Monitor

    SB_HelpSystems_WC_Generic

    When IBM i disk space pulls its notorious disappearing act, you don’t have time to waste figuring out how the trick is done. You need to know when disk space starts to disappear and where it has gone before system performance and productivity start to suffer.
    Looking behind the curtain to keep a close eye on disk space—especially in a multi-partition environment—can have its challenges, but every good admin can have an ace up their sleeve. Our experts will show you how Robot Monitor can help you pinpoint exactly when your auxiliary storage starts to disappear and why, so you can start taking a proactive approach to disk monitoring and analysis. You’ll also get insight into:

    • The main sources of disk consumption
    • How to monitor temporary storage and QTEMP objects in real time
    • How to monitor objects and libraries in real time and near-real time
    • How to track long-term disk trends

    Start seeing through the sleight of hand and get instant visibility into disk usage. Add advance warning of potential threats and—abracadabra!—you’ll reduce the risk of disk space depletion and curb the sudden flurry of activity to clean things up.

     

  • Stop Re-keying Data Between IBM I and Other Applications

    SB_HelpSystems_WC_Generic

    Still following manual processes for extracting and transferring data across platforms? You’re not alone. Many business still depend on RPG for their daily business processes and report generation. And that leads to a lot of manual effort.
    Wouldn’t it be nice if you could stop re-keying data between IBM i and other applications? Or if you could stop replicating data and start processing orders faster? Or what if you could automatically extract data from existing reports instead of re-keying?
    It’s all possible. Watch this webinar to learn about:

    • The data dilemma
    • 3 ways to stop re-keying data
    • Data automation in practice

    Plus, you’ll see a demonstration of how data automation software from HelpSystems will help you finally stop re-keying data.

     

  • The Top Five RPG Open Access Myths....BUSTED!

    SB_Profound_WC_Generic

    When it comes to IBM® Rational® Open Access: RPG Edition (also known as RPG Open Access), there are still many misconceptions - especially where application modernization is concerned!

    In this Webinar, we'll address some of the biggest myths about RPG Open Access, including:

    • Modernizing with RPG OA requires significant changes to the source code
    • The RPG language is outdated and impractical for modernizing applications
    • Modernizing with RPG OA is the equivalent to "screen scraping"

    This Webinar features IBM i expert Alison Butterill, and Profound Logic’s Brian May and Alex Roytman.

     

    Watch the On-demand Webinar Now!

  • Time to Remove the Paper from Your Desk and Become More Efficient

    SB_HelpSystems_WC_Generic

    Do your users keep paperwork on their desk until it's processed?
    Are people constantly removing documents from filing cabinets?
    What happens when your company depends on an outdated document management strategy?
    Too much paper is wasted—approximately 1,000 pages per month per worker.
    Attempts to locate documents in endless filing cabinets drive your employees crazy.
    And distributing documents to customers, vendors, and business partners is expensive and takes up far too much time.
    These are just three common reasons why it might be time for your company to implement a paperless document management system.
    Watch the webinar to learn more and discover how easy it can be to:

    • Capture
    • Manage
    • And distribute documents digitally

    Plus, our experts will provide a live demonstration of how implementing a document management solution will quickly solve your paper-based problems, so you can be more

  • IBM i: It’s Not Just AS/400

    SB_HelpSystems_WC_Generic

    IBM’s Steve Will talks AS/400, POWER9, cognitive systems, and everything in between

    Are there still companies that use AS400? Of course!

    IBM i was built on the same foundation.
    Watch this recorded webinar with IBM i Chief Architect Steve Will and IBM Power Champion Tom Huntington to gain a unique perspective on the direction of this platform, including:

    • IBM i development strategies in progress at IBM
    • Ways that Watson will shake hands with IBM i
    • Key takeaways from the AS/400 days

     

  • Comply in 5! Well, actually UNDER 5 minutes!!

    SB CYBRA PPL 5382

    TRY the one package that solves all your document design and printing challenges on all your platforms.

    Produce bar code labels, electronic forms, ad hoc reports, and RFID tags – without programming! MarkMagic is the only document design and print solution that combines report writing, WYSIWYG label and forms design, and conditional printing in one integrated product.

    Request your trial now!

  • Backup and Recovery on IBM i: Your Strategy for the Unexpected

    SB HelpSystems SC 5413

    Disaster protection is vital to every business. Yet, it often consists of patched together procedures that are prone to error. From automatic backups to data encryption to media management, Robot automates the routine (yet often complex) tasks of iSeries backup and recovery, saving you time and money and making the process safer and more reliable.
    Automate your backups with the Robot Backup and Recovery Solution.
    Key features include:
    - Simplified backup procedures
    - Easy data encryption
    - Save media management
    - Guided restoration
    - Seamless product integration
    Make sure your data survives when catastrophe hits.
    Try the Robot Backup and Recovery Solution FREE for 30 days.

  • Manage IBM i Messages by Exception with Robot

    SB HelpSystems SC 5413

    Managing messages on your IBM i can be more than a full-time job if you have to do it manually. Messages need a response and resources must be monitored—often over multiple systems and across platforms. How can you be sure you won’t miss important system events?
    Automate your message center with the Robot Message Management Solution.
    Key features include:
    - Automated message management
    - Tailored notifications and automatic escalation
    - System-wide control of your IBM i partitions
    - Two-way system notifications from your mobile device
    - Seamless product integration
    Keep your critical applications and data available. Try the Robot Message Management Solution FREE for 30 days.

  • Easiest Way to Save Money? Stop Printing IBM i Reports

    SB HelpSystems SC 5413

    The thought of printing, distributing, and storing iSeries reports manually may reduce you to tears. Paper and labor costs associated with report generation can spiral out of control. Mountains of paper threaten to swamp your files. Robot automates report bursting, distribution, bundling, and archiving, and offers secure, selective online report viewing.
    Manage your reports with the Robot Report Management Solution.
    Key features include:

    - Automated report distribution
    - View online without delay
    - Browser interface to make notes
    - Custom retention capabilities
    - Seamless product integration
    Rerun another report? Never again. Try the Robot Report Management Solution FREE for 30 days.

  • Hassle-Free IBM i Operations around the Clock

    SB HelpSystems SC 5413

    For over 30 years, Robot has been a leader in systems management for IBM i. With batch job creation and scheduling at its core, the Robot Job Scheduling Solution reduces the opportunity for human error and helps you maintain service levels, automating even the biggest, most complex runbooks.
    Manage your job schedule with the Robot Job Scheduling Solution. brKey features include:
    - Automated batch, interactive, and cross-platform scheduling
    - Event-driven dependency processing
    - Centralized monitoring and reporting
    - Audit log and ready-to-use reports
    - Seamless product integration
    Scale your software, not your staff. Try the Robot Job Scheduling Solution FREE for 30 days.

  • ACO MONITOR Manages your IBM i 24/7 and Notifies You When Your IBM i Needs Assistance!

    SB DDL Systems 5429

    More than a paging system - ACO MONITOR is a complete systems management solution for your Power Systems running IBM i. Managing the complexities of today's operating systems, business applications, and networks challenges even the most knowledgeable IT professionals. The cost to an enterprise of unplanned downtime, loss of human expertise during sick leave or vacation, and system/application or environmental failure can be devastating. ACO MONITOR manages your Power System 24/7, uses advanced technology (like two-way messaging) to notify on-duty support personnel, and responds to complex problems before they reach critical status.

    ACO MONITOR is proven technology and is capable of processing thousands of mission-critical events daily. The software is pre-configured, easy to install, scalable, and greatly improves data center (and staff) efficiency.