Technology Focus: Brave, Courageous, and Bold: Qualities You May Need to Select an ERP Application

Enterprise Resource Planning / Financial
  • Smaller Small Medium Big Bigger
  • Default Helvetica Segoe Georgia Times

There are more ERP solutions than ever before today, and here we help you pick the right one by describing the major players.


Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) is another one of those computer industry terms that seems to have different definitions, depending on who's talking. Wikipedia defines ERP as a system "intended to manage all the information and functions of a business or company from shared data sources." But as many would be quick to point out, how then do we differentiate ERP from such terms as business process management, management information systems, or even management reporting, which arguably all have that same goal?

Long Live Its Fame

ERP traces its roots back to the founding of SAP AG in 1972 by German engineers who were former IBMers. Some historians trace ERP back to early inventory management programs in the 1960s, although those beginnings could more properly be called the beginning of Material Requirements Planning (MRP) software. SAP remains a leader in ERP today after having formally introduced R/2 in 1979 and R/3 in 1992, both of them ERP systems that use DB2 databases. J.D. Edwards was the early innovator in ERP for the System i (the company's first product ran on the S/38). PeopleSoft, established in 1987, started competing directly with SAP for ERP customers by buying Red Pepper Software in 1996. Oracle Corporation became the first ERP vendor to offer client/server ERP on the Web in 1997 and in recent years consolidated its hold on the market by purchasing PeopleSoft shortly after PeopleSoft bought J.D. Edwards.


ERP has its origins in the manufacturing sector, where it originally was born from the interface between MRP and computer-integrated manufacturing (CIM); its function was to control manufacturing activities. In particular, this meant procuring raw materials or components, planning the most efficient ways to handle manufacturing process throughput, ensuring the finished product met quality standards, and moving the finished goods to the consumer. In the brave new world of global markets, in which even service companies are defined as "producing" something, ERP has grown in its conceptual application.


Large enterprises were among the early adopters of the ERP systems of a decade ago, because it would take a courageous CEO to deny that a unified system for controlling processes was necessary. But SMBs were largely able to make due with home-grown or component-based software systems that cobbled together an accounting package, an inventory program, and some supply chain software and call it good enough.

Long Live Its Glory

As the economic and technologic pictures have changed, particularly in the past few years, the definition of ERP has come to pivot not so much on the resource planning aspect but instead more on how an enterprise views itself and its potential markets. Those that aspire to being more than regional players in their respective markets may need to gear up. For example, a June 2009 study by the Aberdeen Group points to "best-in-class" mid-market enterprises now requiring ERP software to help them standardize, streamline, and automate their business processes.


Today's broader conceptualization of ERP encompasses financials (e.g., accounting functions such as accounts payable and receivable, fixed assets, general ledger, cash management), supply chain management, project management, customer relationship management, and human resources. It also implies Internet-based services that, for example, let the customer or business partner track the progress of their order from cradle to grave (or at least from the start of fabrication to delivery to the customer's doorstep). Also important can be features in such areas as business intelligence, business process management, and supplier relationship management. (For a more complete rundown on features to expect from an ERP package, see Steve Pitcher's recent article "ERP for Free?" in the February 8 edition of MC iTechnology Manager.)


While companies can either develop custom systems that are tailored to their internal processes or seek open-source ERP packages that can cut the initial cost of establishing an ERP system, neither path may be best. The former involves significant expense in developing expertise and software, and the latter puts processes critical to an enterprise at the mercy of potentially unsupported software of uncertain quality. Going with an established ERP vendor with some kind of a track record may be safest, although some measure of bold vision is required to adopt any ERP system because it will have numerous and often unforeseen effects on the way an enterprise does business.

And Long May Its Story Be Told

In the System i world at least, the concept of ERP is truer to its birth in the manufacturing sector. The vendors whose ERP products run strictly on the System i are focused much more narrowly on managing processes by which some kind of finished goods are built. Larger vendors that support multiple platforms—either with one product or assorted products—tend toward the broader definition that includes financial, human resources, and customer relationship management aspects.


It may be useful to define a few terms used in the product descriptions. Lean manufacturing refers to processes that provide a smooth manufacturing workflow and minimize waste by coordinating all elements of production to come together as they are needed rather than beforehand. Related is kanban ("just-in-time"), which attempts to precisely key the pace of production to the pace of observed demand. In practice, these two terms are interpreted as keeping inventories of raw materials or component parts low enough to just meet manufacturing needs for a specific time period, though they involve other techniques as well, such as constantly reviewing processes to eliminate inefficiencies.


If you are considering adopting an ERP application to streamline your enterprise processes, the product names, descriptions, and links to vendor Web sites below will help you focus your initial research. The key is to determine which aspects of your operations are most crucial to your success and then look for applications that are strongest in those areas.


Please note that the brief summaries used here in no way cover all the features each software product provides. You should consult the links provided for each product and contact the associated vendors for a more complete idea of what each ERP product has to offer.


And as always when looking for products or services, be sure to check the MC Press Online Buyer's Guide.

Significant ERP Applications for System i


ComMIT Systems

ComMIT is a suite of four integrated products that collectively provide a planning, scheduling, and supply chain management system and help to synchronize production activities and optimize use of manufacturing resources. Users can deploy the modules standalone or together or integrate them with existing MRP II, ERP, or other information systems.


Common Sense

Service Information Access

Common Sense is based on IBM's WebSphere, Lotus, and DB2 middleware. It provides ERP functions in an application designed to integrate with custom and third-party software. It lets users build a data warehouse to support ERP functions such as back-office accounting, distribution, manufacturing, project services, transportation, and warehousing. The product includes extensions for integration with supply chain management, customer relationship management, and human resources apps.


Compsoft ERP

Computer Software Solutions

Compsoft ERP provides an integrated suite for managing company resources in the wholesale distribution and retail sales industries. Its 14 modules include financials, inventory control and purchasing, cash reconciliation, fixed assets, order entry, point of sales, sales analysis, payroll, and human resources. The product offers a single database structure, customization options, and unified communications tools.




Realization defines Concerto as an execution management system for manufacturing companies and offers the software as part of an overall "execution culture" that helps enterprises prioritize tasks, improve throughput, and improve due-date performance. Concerto focuses on enabling and enforcing execution management rules, establishing project pipelining to maximize use of resources, highlighting process improvement opportunities, and providing execution priorities.



Software Concepts

DS90 is an ERP for SMBs engaged in light manufacturing. The light manufacturing module helps enterprises move production, kit assembly, and component processing into a finished product. In addition, DS90 includes functions for financials, sales analysis, commission management, inventory control, and order management.



The eC-LINK ERP product is aimed at companies in the distribution or light manufacturing industries. In addition to normal ERP functions, eC-LINK ERP supports multimedia and multiple national languages. It also offers customization features and tools for converting legacy data. The product strives to achieve nearly paperless environments, provides automated stock replenishment reporting, and enables stock availability views across multiple locations.



American Software

Enterprise is an integrated suite of applications for financials, logistics (order processing, inventory control and accounting, purchasing), planning (demand forecasting, inventory planning, distribution requirements planning), and manufacturing. The manufacturing portion includes facilities for master scheduling, materials requirements planning, capacity planning, production scheduling, bills-of-material management, engineering change, shop floor control, route and work-center control, manufacturing accounting, and product costing. The suite also interfaces with American's e-Intelliprise e-business solution.


First Level


First Level offers an Internet-capable parts-manufacturing solution keyed to the automotive industry or similar manufacturers. It fully supports electronic data interchange (EDI) and e-commerce activities and includes modules for production engineering, order entry, material planning and control, quality control, and financials.


GXD?Graphical ERP

Xdata Solutions

GXD is Xdata's suite of graphical enterprise applications designed for companies of up to $500 million annual revenue engaging in manufacturing and distribution. The ERP app is a menu-driven system that handles master scheduling and material requirements planning, financials, inventory management, product configuration, returned-good authorization, order processing, purchasing and receiving, pricing, labor reporting, and routing processes.


HarrisData ERP Manufacturing


HarrisData ERP Manufacturing provides a flexible ERP environment that helps users manage all facets of manufacturing, including integrated, Web-based customer and supplier self-service. HarrisData ERP supports lean manufacturing, activity-based costing, paperless shop floor, kanban replenishment, and variance analysis. HarrisData's ERP application also interfaces with the company's application offerings in distribution, accounting, and human resources.


IFS Applications


IFS provides numerous ERP software applications for manufacturing companies. Manufacturing solutions include apps for companies specializing in engineer-to-order, lean manufacturing, make-to-stock, project-based delivery, repetitive manufacturing, and to-order manufacturing methods.


Infor ERP LX


Infor offers a spectrum of ERP products, but LX is specifically designed for the System i and is modeled on the legacy BPCS application. The product is aimed at mixed-mode and process manufacturers and focuses on helping users improve core business processes such as manufacturing, logistics, channel management, customer relationships, supply relationships, and financial management.


JD Edwards EnterpriseOne

JD Edwards World

Oracle Corporation

JD Edwards EnterpriseOne is a suite of 70 integrated application modules that can support diverse business operations. Modules include manufacturing and engineering, supply chain execution, supply chain management, asset lifecycle management, financials, order processing, human resources, and customer relationship management. It supports a variety of operating systems, databases, and middleware, which makes it well-suited for larger, multiplatform enterprises.


JD Edwards World is an ERP application built expressly for System i SMBs and focuses on manufacturing management, distribution activities, financials, and human resources. It includes built-in interfaces to Oracle solutions for customer relationship management and demand management. World features customizable business-process templates that users can adapt to their existing practices.


Light Manufacturing Solution


Light Manufacturing Solution is aimed at companies in assemble-to-order, engineer-to-order, and make-to-order/work processing industries. Special features let users bundle fabrication processes into a master profile, generate a work order for fabricated materials, create predefined fabrication process templates, and modify fabricated items on the fly. Light Manufacturing also supports production of kits or combinations and helps users manage rollup and scrap materials.


M3 Manufacturing Operations Suite

Lawson Software

M3 Manufacturing Operations helps enterprises centrally manage product definition for the Lawson M3 Enterprise System and manage configured and attribute-controlled products. It supports costing, planning, and execution activities. The product also supports lean manufacturing and manages discrete, process, and mixed-mode manufacturing environments.


Manufacturing PM

Software PM

Manufacturing PM is an MRP/ERP app tailored for SMB manufacturing companies. Functions include financials, product costing, manufacturing scheduling, capacity requirements planning, inventory management, shop floor control, purchasing, sales analysis, and product configuration. The app emphasizes UI simplicity, ease of implementation, and low cost.


Mosaic M21 Manufacturing Software

Mosaic Data Solutions

Mosaic M21 integrates standard manufacturing functions with management tools for customer orders, inventory, purchasing, accounting financials, and payroll. Features include master production scheduling, material requirements planning, multiple-level bills of material, production schedule and order control, credit-card processing, and project accounting.




SAP's ERP application is part of the company's SAP Business Suite product line. In addition to standard ERP operations features, SAP ERP covers areas such as financials, human capital management, corporate services, end-user service delivery, and business performance management.


Solarsoft ERP


Solarsoft ERP focuses on the production management aspect of manufacturing and provides built-in modules for handling quotes and sales orders, requisitions and purchase orders, financials, warehouse and inventory management, and quality management. In addition, optional add-on modules can handle related enterprise activities such as EDI and e-commerce, warehouse automation, mobile sales and delivery, and Web sales.



John Ghrist

John Ghrist has been a journalist, programmer, and systems manager in the computer industry since 1982. He has covered the market for IBM i servers and their predecessor platforms for more than a quarter century and has attended more than 25 COMMON conferences. A former editor-in-chief with Defense Computing and a senior editor with SystemiNEWS, John has written and edited hundreds of articles and blogs for more than a dozen print and electronic publications. You can reach him at



Support MC Press Online





  • White Paper: Node.js for Enterprise IBM i Modernization

    SB Profound WP 5539

    If your business is thinking about modernizing your legacy IBM i (also known as AS/400 or iSeries) applications, you will want to read this white paper first!

    Download this paper and learn how Node.js can ensure that you:
    - Modernize on-time and budget - no more lengthy, costly, disruptive app rewrites!
    - Retain your IBM i systems of record
    - Find and hire new development talent
    - Integrate new Node.js applications with your existing RPG, Java, .Net, and PHP apps
    - Extend your IBM i capabilties to include Watson API, Cloud, and Internet of Things

    Read Node.js for Enterprise IBM i Modernization Now!


  • Profound Logic Solution Guide

    SB Profound WP 5539More than ever, there is a demand for IT to deliver innovation.
    Your IBM i has been an essential part of your business operations for years. However, your organization may struggle to maintain the current system and implement new projects.
    The thousands of customers we've worked with and surveyed state that expectations regarding the digital footprint and vision of the companyare not aligned with the current IT environment.

    Get your copy of this important guide today!


  • 2022 IBM i Marketplace Survey Results

    Fortra2022 marks the eighth edition of the IBM i Marketplace Survey Results. Each year, Fortra captures data on how businesses use the IBM i platform and the IT and cybersecurity initiatives it supports.

    Over the years, this survey has become a true industry benchmark, revealing to readers the trends that are shaping and driving the market and providing insight into what the future may bring for this technology.

  • Brunswick bowls a perfect 300 with LANSA!

    FortraBrunswick is the leader in bowling products, services, and industry expertise for the development and renovation of new and existing bowling centers and mixed-use recreation facilities across the entertainment industry. However, the lifeblood of Brunswick’s capital equipment business was running on a 15-year-old software application written in Visual Basic 6 (VB6) with a SQL Server back-end. The application was at the end of its life and needed to be replaced.
    With the help of Visual LANSA, they found an easy-to-use, long-term platform that enabled their team to collaborate, innovate, and integrate with existing systems and databases within a single platform.
    Read the case study to learn how they achieved success and increased the speed of development by 30% with Visual LANSA.


  • The Power of Coding in a Low-Code Solution

    LANSAWhen it comes to creating your business applications, there are hundreds of coding platforms and programming languages to choose from. These options range from very complex traditional programming languages to Low-Code platforms where sometimes no traditional coding experience is needed.
    Download our whitepaper, The Power of Writing Code in a Low-Code Solution, and:

    • Discover the benefits of Low-code's quick application creation
    • Understand the differences in model-based and language-based Low-Code platforms
    • Explore the strengths of LANSA's Low-Code Solution to Low-Code’s biggest drawbacks



  • Why Migrate When You Can Modernize?

    LANSABusiness users want new applications now. Market and regulatory pressures require faster application updates and delivery into production. Your IBM i developers may be approaching retirement, and you see no sure way to fill their positions with experienced developers. In addition, you may be caught between maintaining your existing applications and the uncertainty of moving to something new.
    In this white paper, you’ll learn how to think of these issues as opportunities rather than problems. We’ll explore motivations to migrate or modernize, their risks and considerations you should be aware of before embarking on a (migration or modernization) project.
    Lastly, we’ll discuss how modernizing IBM i applications with optimized business workflows, integration with other technologies and new mobile and web user interfaces will enable IT – and the business – to experience time-added value and much more.


  • UPDATED: Developer Kit: Making a Business Case for Modernization and Beyond

    Profound Logic Software, Inc.Having trouble getting management approval for modernization projects? The problem may be you're not speaking enough "business" to them.

    This Developer Kit provides you study-backed data and a ready-to-use business case template to help get your very next development project approved!

  • What to Do When Your AS/400 Talent Retires

    FortraIT managers hoping to find new IBM i talent are discovering that the pool of experienced RPG programmers and operators or administrators is small.

    This guide offers strategies and software suggestions to help you plan IT staffing and resources and smooth the transition after your AS/400 talent retires. Read on to learn:

    • Why IBM i skills depletion is a top concern
    • How leading organizations are coping
    • Where automation will make the biggest impact


  • Node.js on IBM i Webinar Series Pt. 2: Setting Up Your Development Tools

    Profound Logic Software, Inc.Have you been wondering about Node.js? Our free Node.js Webinar Series takes you from total beginner to creating a fully-functional IBM i Node.js business application. In Part 2, Brian May teaches you the different tooling options available for writing code, debugging, and using Git for version control. Attend this webinar to learn:

    • Different tools to develop Node.js applications on IBM i
    • Debugging Node.js
    • The basics of Git and tools to help those new to it
    • Using as a pre-built development environment



  • Expert Tips for IBM i Security: Beyond the Basics

    SB PowerTech WC GenericIn this session, IBM i security expert Robin Tatam provides a quick recap of IBM i security basics and guides you through some advanced cybersecurity techniques that can help you take data protection to the next level. Robin will cover:

    • Reducing the risk posed by special authorities
    • Establishing object-level security
    • Overseeing user actions and data access

    Don't miss this chance to take your knowledge of IBM i security beyond the basics.



  • 5 IBM i Security Quick Wins

    SB PowerTech WC GenericIn today’s threat landscape, upper management is laser-focused on cybersecurity. You need to make progress in securing your systems—and make it fast.
    There’s no shortage of actions you could take, but what tactics will actually deliver the results you need? And how can you find a security strategy that fits your budget and time constraints?
    Join top IBM i security expert Robin Tatam as he outlines the five fastest and most impactful changes you can make to strengthen IBM i security this year.
    Your system didn’t become unsecure overnight and you won’t be able to turn it around overnight either. But quick wins are possible with IBM i security, and Robin Tatam will show you how to achieve them.

  • Security Bulletin: Malware Infection Discovered on IBM i Server!

    SB PowerTech WC GenericMalicious programs can bring entire businesses to their knees—and IBM i shops are not immune. It’s critical to grasp the true impact malware can have on IBM i and the network that connects to it. Attend this webinar to gain a thorough understanding of the relationships between:

    • Viruses, native objects, and the integrated file system (IFS)
    • Power Systems and Windows-based viruses and malware
    • PC-based anti-virus scanning versus native IBM i scanning

    There are a number of ways you can minimize your exposure to viruses. IBM i security expert Sandi Moore explains the facts, including how to ensure you're fully protected and compliant with regulations such as PCI.



  • Encryption on IBM i Simplified

    SB PowerTech WC GenericDB2 Field Procedures (FieldProcs) were introduced in IBM i 7.1 and have greatly simplified encryption, often without requiring any application changes. Now you can quickly encrypt sensitive data on the IBM i including PII, PCI, PHI data in your physical files and tables.
    Watch this webinar to learn how you can quickly implement encryption on the IBM i. During the webinar, security expert Robin Tatam will show you how to:

    • Use Field Procedures to automate encryption and decryption
    • Restrict and mask field level access by user or group
    • Meet compliance requirements with effective key management and audit trails


  • Lessons Learned from IBM i Cyber Attacks

    SB PowerTech WC GenericDespite the many options IBM has provided to protect your systems and data, many organizations still struggle to apply appropriate security controls.
    In this webinar, you'll get insight into how the criminals accessed these systems, the fallout from these attacks, and how the incidents could have been avoided by following security best practices.

    • Learn which security gaps cyber criminals love most
    • Find out how other IBM i organizations have fallen victim
    • Get the details on policies and processes you can implement to protect your organization, even when staff works from home

    You will learn the steps you can take to avoid the mistakes made in these examples, as well as other inadequate and misconfigured settings that put businesses at risk.



  • The Power of Coding in a Low-Code Solution

    SB PowerTech WC GenericWhen it comes to creating your business applications, there are hundreds of coding platforms and programming languages to choose from. These options range from very complex traditional programming languages to Low-Code platforms where sometimes no traditional coding experience is needed.
    Download our whitepaper, The Power of Writing Code in a Low-Code Solution, and:

    • Discover the benefits of Low-code's quick application creation
    • Understand the differences in model-based and language-based Low-Code platforms
    • Explore the strengths of LANSA's Low-Code Solution to Low-Code’s biggest drawbacks



  • The Biggest Mistakes in IBM i Security

    SB Profound WC Generic The Biggest Mistakes in IBM i Security
    Here’s the harsh reality: cybersecurity pros have to get their jobs right every single day, while an attacker only has to succeed once to do incredible damage.
    Whether that’s thousands of exposed records, millions of dollars in fines and legal fees, or diminished share value, it’s easy to judge organizations that fall victim. IBM i enjoys an enviable reputation for security, but no system is impervious to mistakes.
    Join this webinar to learn about the biggest errors made when securing a Power Systems server.
    This knowledge is critical for ensuring integrity of your application data and preventing you from becoming the next Equifax. It’s also essential for complying with all formal regulations, including SOX, PCI, GDPR, and HIPAA
    Watch Now.

  • Comply in 5! Well, actually UNDER 5 minutes!!

    SB CYBRA PPL 5382

    TRY the one package that solves all your document design and printing challenges on all your platforms.

    Produce bar code labels, electronic forms, ad hoc reports, and RFID tags – without programming! MarkMagic is the only document design and print solution that combines report writing, WYSIWYG label and forms design, and conditional printing in one integrated product.

    Request your trial now!

  • Backup and Recovery on IBM i: Your Strategy for the Unexpected

    FortraRobot automates the routine tasks of iSeries backup and recovery, saving you time and money and making the process safer and more reliable. Automate your backups with the Robot Backup and Recovery Solution. Key features include:
    - Simplified backup procedures
    - Easy data encryption
    - Save media management
    - Guided restoration
    - Seamless product integration
    Make sure your data survives when catastrophe hits. Try the Robot Backup and Recovery Solution FREE for 30 days.

  • Manage IBM i Messages by Exception with Robot

    SB HelpSystems SC 5413Managing messages on your IBM i can be more than a full-time job if you have to do it manually. How can you be sure you won’t miss important system events?
    Automate your message center with the Robot Message Management Solution. Key features include:
    - Automated message management
    - Tailored notifications and automatic escalation
    - System-wide control of your IBM i partitions
    - Two-way system notifications from your mobile device
    - Seamless product integration
    Try the Robot Message Management Solution FREE for 30 days.

  • Easiest Way to Save Money? Stop Printing IBM i Reports

    FortraRobot automates report bursting, distribution, bundling, and archiving, and offers secure, selective online report viewing.
    Manage your reports with the Robot Report Management Solution. Key features include:

    - Automated report distribution
    - View online without delay
    - Browser interface to make notes
    - Custom retention capabilities
    - Seamless product integration
    Rerun another report? Never again. Try the Robot Report Management Solution FREE for 30 days.

  • Hassle-Free IBM i Operations around the Clock

    SB HelpSystems SC 5413For over 30 years, Robot has been a leader in systems management for IBM i.
    Manage your job schedule with the Robot Job Scheduling Solution. Key features include:
    - Automated batch, interactive, and cross-platform scheduling
    - Event-driven dependency processing
    - Centralized monitoring and reporting
    - Audit log and ready-to-use reports
    - Seamless product integration
    Scale your software, not your staff. Try the Robot Job Scheduling Solution FREE for 30 days.