Sun, May
0 New Articles

Open Source: The Right Choice vs. the Right of Choice

  • Smaller Small Medium Big Bigger
  • Default Helvetica Segoe Georgia Times
Where are you and your company in the open-source code debate? Is open source a good idea or a bad idea? More importantly, is it an IT strategy that is worthy of your company's investment?

Proposed legislation in the state of California, supported by Raleigh, North Carolina's Red Hat Software, would add a new dimension to the debate. This legislation, called the Digital Software Security Act (DSSA) would require state agencies in California to selectively buy software only from companies that don't restrict the use of or access to the source code of the application. Agencies would be allowed to make copies of the software they license or purchase and to distribute them freely. These requirements would mean that it was no longer good enough for an application to "do the job." In addition, the licensing of the software would relinquish the control of the intellectual property that is currently held by the developer.

Anatomy of the Digital Software Security Act

The objectives of the DSSA are to provide security and open standards, while obtaining the greatest value for money spent by the State of California. In addition, it's the stated purpose of the proposed legislation to stimulate competition within software development, support, and implementation. All software developed for use or used by the State of California or its agencies would have

  • Unrestricted use of the program for any purpose
  • Unrestricted access to the respective source code
  • Exhaustive inspection of the working mechanisms of the program
  • Use of the internal mechanisms and arbitrary portions of the software, to adapt them to the needs of the user
  • Freedom to make and distribute copies of the software
  • Freedom to modify the software and distribute the resulting modified software under the license of the original software

The provisions and requirements for previously purchased software would not change, but any future enhancements or upgrades to software licensed by the state would need to follow the new requirements.

The proposal was drafted by Walt Pennington, a lawyer in San Diego, in response to a number of pieces of proposed and existing legislation that limit civil liberties and programming freedom such as Security Systems Standards and Certification Act (SSSCA), the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA), and the Uniform Computer Information Transactions Act (UCITA.) San Diego assemblyman Juan Vargas has expressed interest in introducing some sort of legislation focusing on the use of open-source software, though not likely as it is currently drafted, according to representatives from his office.

The Allure of the Open-Source Initiative

If your company is an independent developer of software, the issue of open source seems fraught with conflicts. After all, your company has invested in the development of a viable software package, so there's a natural incentive to make the code that controls the package as proprietary as possible.

Yet, at the same time, with the increasing number of application areas dominated by a few large mega-corporations, there's also the natural allure to the marketing hype surrounding the open-source movement. First of all, according to the Open Source Initiative (OSI), an open-source application tells the customer that the application has "nothing to hide." A customer can be assured that there are no proprietary gimmicks that will require them to buy future services or packages from the developer. The customer may hire others to maintain the code, without relying upon the developer for future enhancements or fixes. Finally, if there is a portion of the code that needs to be customized to the customer's specifications, there are no restrictions to enhancing the package to meet those requirements.

Is Open Source New?

Of course, long before the term "open source" was coined, purchasing the source code for an application was the wise choice by which most companies obtained their applications. Purchasing the source code of a mission-critical application was--and is--the ultimate hedge against a bankrupt software vendor or a change in the business rules that govern how a company must do its computing. It has only been in the last 15 years, with the rise of PC-based computing networks and the Microsoft desktop monopoly, that the model for software licensing has become radically restricted. Today, particularly for PC-based applications, customers don't purchase the software that runs on their machines, but only a license to run the application. No source code is included, and no ability to modify the functions of the code is provided without active participation from the vendor.

Open Source vs. Public Domain Software

However, there is a significant difference between purchasing the source code from a vendor and the "public source code." The OSI uses the mechanism of open-source peer review to encourage the rapid evolution of code and the standards that support the use of that code. By making the code available for peer review, the OSI contends that the security of the code is actually enhanced, allowing programmers to freely delve into the possible bugs and flaws that might exist within the code of an application. Furthermore, by making the code available to the widest possible audience, the base of potential developers who might enhance the code is manifestly larger than the development resources that would normally be available to a single, independent software developer.

Yet as the OSI quickly acknowledges, "The Open Source Initiative is a marketing program for free software." But "free" doesn't relate to the price of the software; it's about the rights of the individual who purchases the software.

To be OSI certified, the software must be distributed under a license that guarantees the right to read, redistribute, modify, and use the software freely. Clearly, it is not designed to make the software developer millions of dollars; the goal is to protect the value of products from the artificial fluctuations of a software market that is dominated by a single company (Microsoft) and to create a development community through which software technology can freely evolve and proliferate.

By comparison, software that has become part of the public domain requires no licensing and is subject to no restrictions whatsoever. Anyone can re-package software that is in the public domain and create a new product or a derivative without the knowledge or support of the original developer.

Beyond Ideology: Running a Business with Open-Source Products

Of course, the introduction of the Linux operating system kernel--the PC-based, UNIX-like operating system that is licensed through the GNU organization--changed the entire landscape of the open-source movement. In the blink of an eye, the number of opportunities for developers to create exciting, standards-based software suddenly exploded. These applications don't rely upon Microsoft's proprietary operating systems or its APIs at all. They run under a freely distributed Linux operating system that supports open international standards. As a result, Linux has radically altered the scope and the breadth of applications that were available to businesses and has inspired software giants like IBM, Oracle, and others to become supporters of the open-source movement.

IBM Support of Open Source

For its part, IBM is using Linux and the open-source mechanism to provide its customers with product choices that are both standards-based and non-proprietary. But in truth, it's doubtful that IBM's customers are choosing Linux and other open-source software for the opportunity of doing significant customization to the code--especially operating system code like Linux. Instead, customers who are embracing open-source applications see the movement as an opportunity to obtain quality software that is backed by a significantly larger and less proprietary development community than Microsoft, often at a significantly lower cost. And instead of feeling compelled to upgrade application suites on a schedule dictated by Microsoft, customers can feel confident that their open-source applications are less susceptible to the volatility that is inherent with each new upgrade coming out of Redmond. In a word, the open-source movement is putting the customer back in control of the computing environment.

However, IBM is not keen on supporting any legislation that would limit or prevent a government agency from purchasing any software, whether proprietary or open source, and the reason is simple: IBM's own proprietary operating systems and application suites would also be excluded by such legislation.

Meanwhile, Red Hat and other supporters of the DSSA and the OSI have pledged to march in Peru, Germany, the UK, New Zealand, and Finland to draw attention to their cause and the perils of existing legislation that limits civil liberties and programming freedom.

Feedback: What Do You Think?

We're looking for your feedback on this important issue of software developers and customers. Send your comments to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

Thomas M. Stockwell is the Editor in Chief of MC Press, LLC. He has written extensively about program development, project management, IT management, and IT consulting and has been a frequent contributor to many midrange periodicals. He has authored numerous white papers for iSeries solutions providers. His most recent consulting assignments have been as a Senior Industry Analyst working with IBM on the iSeries, on the mid-market, and specifically on WebSphere brand positioning. He welcomes your comments about this or other articles and can be reached at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

Thomas Stockwell

Thomas M. Stockwell is an independent IT analyst and writer. He is the former Editor in Chief of MC Press Online and Midrange Computing magazine and has over 20 years of experience as a programmer, systems engineer, IT director, industry analyst, author, speaker, consultant, and editor.  


Tom works from his home in the Napa Valley in California. He can be reached at ITincendiary.com.





Support MC Press Online

$0.00 Raised:

Book Reviews

Resource Center

  • SB Profound WC 5536 Have you been wondering about Node.js? Our free Node.js Webinar Series takes you from total beginner to creating a fully-functional IBM i Node.js business application. You can find Part 1 here. In Part 2 of our free Node.js Webinar Series, Brian May teaches you the different tooling options available for writing code, debugging, and using Git for version control. Brian will briefly discuss the different tools available, and demonstrate his preferred setup for Node development on IBM i or any platform. Attend this webinar to learn:

  • SB Profound WP 5539More than ever, there is a demand for IT to deliver innovation. Your IBM i has been an essential part of your business operations for years. However, your organization may struggle to maintain the current system and implement new projects. The thousands of customers we've worked with and surveyed state that expectations regarding the digital footprint and vision of the company are not aligned with the current IT environment.

  • SB HelpSystems ROBOT Generic IBM announced the E1080 servers using the latest Power10 processor in September 2021. The most powerful processor from IBM to date, Power10 is designed to handle the demands of doing business in today’s high-tech atmosphere, including running cloud applications, supporting big data, and managing AI workloads. But what does Power10 mean for your data center? In this recorded webinar, IBMers Dan Sundt and Dylan Boday join IBM Power Champion Tom Huntington for a discussion on why Power10 technology is the right strategic investment if you run IBM i, AIX, or Linux. In this action-packed hour, Tom will share trends from the IBM i and AIX user communities while Dan and Dylan dive into the tech specs for key hardware, including:

  • Magic MarkTRY the one package that solves all your document design and printing challenges on all your platforms. Produce bar code labels, electronic forms, ad hoc reports, and RFID tags – without programming! MarkMagic is the only document design and print solution that combines report writing, WYSIWYG label and forms design, and conditional printing in one integrated product. Make sure your data survives when catastrophe hits. Request your trial now!  Request Now.

  • SB HelpSystems ROBOT GenericForms of ransomware has been around for over 30 years, and with more and more organizations suffering attacks each year, it continues to endure. What has made ransomware such a durable threat and what is the best way to combat it? In order to prevent ransomware, organizations must first understand how it works.

  • SB HelpSystems ROBOT GenericIT security is a top priority for businesses around the world, but most IBM i pros don’t know where to begin—and most cybersecurity experts don’t know IBM i. In this session, Robin Tatam explores the business impact of lax IBM i security, the top vulnerabilities putting IBM i at risk, and the steps you can take to protect your organization. If you’re looking to avoid unexpected downtime or corrupted data, you don’t want to miss this session.

  • SB HelpSystems ROBOT GenericCan you trust all of your users all of the time? A typical end user receives 16 malicious emails each month, but only 17 percent of these phishing campaigns are reported to IT. Once an attack is underway, most organizations won’t discover the breach until six months later. A staggering amount of damage can occur in that time. Despite these risks, 93 percent of organizations are leaving their IBM i systems vulnerable to cybercrime. In this on-demand webinar, IBM i security experts Robin Tatam and Sandi Moore will reveal:

  • FORTRA Disaster protection is vital to every business. Yet, it often consists of patched together procedures that are prone to error. From automatic backups to data encryption to media management, Robot automates the routine (yet often complex) tasks of iSeries backup and recovery, saving you time and money and making the process safer and more reliable. Automate your backups with the Robot Backup and Recovery Solution. Key features include:

  • FORTRAManaging messages on your IBM i can be more than a full-time job if you have to do it manually. Messages need a response and resources must be monitored—often over multiple systems and across platforms. How can you be sure you won’t miss important system events? Automate your message center with the Robot Message Management Solution. Key features include:

  • FORTRAThe thought of printing, distributing, and storing iSeries reports manually may reduce you to tears. Paper and labor costs associated with report generation can spiral out of control. Mountains of paper threaten to swamp your files. Robot automates report bursting, distribution, bundling, and archiving, and offers secure, selective online report viewing. Manage your reports with the Robot Report Management Solution. Key features include:

  • FORTRAFor over 30 years, Robot has been a leader in systems management for IBM i. With batch job creation and scheduling at its core, the Robot Job Scheduling Solution reduces the opportunity for human error and helps you maintain service levels, automating even the biggest, most complex runbooks. Manage your job schedule with the Robot Job Scheduling Solution. Key features include:

  • LANSA Business users want new applications now. Market and regulatory pressures require faster application updates and delivery into production. Your IBM i developers may be approaching retirement, and you see no sure way to fill their positions with experienced developers. In addition, you may be caught between maintaining your existing applications and the uncertainty of moving to something new.

  • LANSAWhen it comes to creating your business applications, there are hundreds of coding platforms and programming languages to choose from. These options range from very complex traditional programming languages to Low-Code platforms where sometimes no traditional coding experience is needed. Download our whitepaper, The Power of Writing Code in a Low-Code Solution, and:

  • LANSASupply Chain is becoming increasingly complex and unpredictable. From raw materials for manufacturing to food supply chains, the journey from source to production to delivery to consumers is marred with inefficiencies, manual processes, shortages, recalls, counterfeits, and scandals. In this webinar, we discuss how:

  • The MC Resource Centers bring you the widest selection of white papers, trial software, and on-demand webcasts for you to choose from. >> Review the list of White Papers, Trial Software or On-Demand Webcast at the MC Press Resource Center. >> Add the items to yru Cart and complet he checkout process and submit

  • Profound Logic Have you been wondering about Node.js? Our free Node.js Webinar Series takes you from total beginner to creating a fully-functional IBM i Node.js business application.

  • SB Profound WC 5536Join us for this hour-long webcast that will explore:

  • Fortra IT managers hoping to find new IBM i talent are discovering that the pool of experienced RPG programmers and operators or administrators with intimate knowledge of the operating system and the applications that run on it is small. This begs the question: How will you manage the platform that supports such a big part of your business? This guide offers strategies and software suggestions to help you plan IT staffing and resources and smooth the transition after your AS/400 talent retires. Read on to learn: